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Philippines/Editing resources

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Map Editing Guide for the Philippines

While most of the content here on the Waze Wiki are applicable for the Philippine road network, the Waze map still needs to be tweaked and customized for the Philippines. Below is the general guideline for Waze map editing in the Philippines. This supersedes any generic guide wiki entries not specific to the Philippines.

1. Create road (whether tracing aerial images/gps points, or from recorded drives)

2. Set road type, some suggestions;

  • Freeways – Toll Roads or Expressways where a toll fee needs to be paid
  • Major Highway – DPWH Primary Roads or roads that connect cities of > 100,000 population
  • Minor Highway – DPWH Secondary Roads or roads that connects other cities (i.e. <100,000 population), ports, ferry terminals, airports, tourist service centers, and other national government infrastructure to the primary network.
  • Ramps – On and off ramps from Freeways, segments that are not at-grade or ground level, used to connect segments with different levels
  • Primary Street – Main thoroughfares of a city or municipality and/or DPWH Tertiary Roads
  • Street – ordinary street, mainly residential
  • Dirt-roads / 4x4 Trails – This type will be removed soon. If the road will only be derivable by a 4x4 vehicle, the road type should be 'Street' and then mark the 'Dirt Road / 4x4 Trail' checkbox
  • Parking Lot Road – drivable roads within a commercial or private parking lots, used for routing but with a high time penalty. If the parking lot is covered, do not create any parking lot roads or if it is a parking building or structure and it does not have a roofdeck, do not create any parking lot roads. Map only the main roads leading to and out of the parking area, DO NOT map all the lanes inside the parking area.
  • Private Road – drivable roads within gated communities, subdivisions, villages, or compounds. Not used for routing except when destination is on the private road. All roads within the area must be the same private road type. Put '(sticker required)' on the main entrances to these areas where a pass or sticker is required.
  • Walking Trails, Pedestrian Boardwalk, Stairway, Railroad, Runway/Taxiway – other non drivable and non-routable roads, do not map these unless they are used to landmark an area or to help in navigation. [Future functionality, do not use yet] If the road is too narrow like an alleyway and only motorbikes and tricycles can drive through it, use Street instead and restrict access to it so that only select vehicles can be routed on it.

3. Set directionality (two way or one way)

4. Set the elevation level (Ground, Tunnel = -1, Flyover = 1, 2, 3, etc.). Only tunnels or underground roads are to be set to -1. If one road passes over another, the bottom road is Ground and the one that passes over is 1. Tunnels should at least be 100m in length, otherwise leave them as ground level unless they pass under a segment already on ground level.

5. Set the speed limits in accordance with REPUBLIC ACT No. 4136 Chapter IV Article 1 (Section 35) Restriction as to speed.

Maximum allowed speed in KPH Cars and Motorcycles Trucks and Buses
Expressways 100 80
Major Highways 80 60
Minor Highways 60 60
Primary Roads, On/Off Ramps 40 40
Streets, except those with speedbumps (humps) 30 30
Private & Parking Lot roads, Streets with speedbumps (humps) 20 / Depends on traffic regulations of the area 20 / Depends on traffic regulations of the area

6. Connect or create junctions (attach to existing roads) except if these are non-routable road types like Walking Trails, Pedestrian Boardwalk, Stairway, Railroad, and Runway/Taxiway

7. Set turn restrictions and if u-turns are allowed on junctions, the easiest and fastest way to do this is to click on the junction node and hit 'w' on your keyboard. This will set all turns to enabled or green. Leaving a turn restriction disabled does not mean that Waze will not route to it, Waze can still route a turn to it since it is connected. To prevent routing, a segment needs to be totally disconnected from a junction and placed 5m apart.

8. Name the road, if you don't know the street name add the city name and mark the street name as 'None'. Somebody else could edit it. Do not leave segments in red (unnamed). Do not name roundabouts, the road name will not wrap around the roundabout segments and will not look right on the map. It will also break the routing instructions for the roundabout.

Follow the PH Road Naming convention when adding road names -

1. Always use the official name as the street name (DPWH Name)
2. Do not use multiple street names separated with a slash "/"
3. If there are local (LGU) or other name for the street, add them as an alternative name
4. Use punctuation for initials except for cardinal directions
5. N, E, W, S, NE, NW, SE, and SW without punctuation will be read as cardinal directions
6. Excluding route numbers, maximum length of street name should NOT exceed 5 words (street name)
7. Do not use the word 'to' (preposition) as the beginning of a street name, unless it is an actual street name
8. Do not use the word 'exit' (e.g. 'Exit to...') in the street name. It can be used when the street is commonly known to have one e.g. 'Marilao Exit'
9. Refer to the Philippines TTS List for a complete list of supported abbreviations https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1FsYSMh1aR7l-ZF9NAHT63h8xSVFD5S8ixeJlsM98o4w/edit?usp=sharing


9. When naming streets, omit "City" and "Street". e.g. "Pasig City" to "Pasig" only and "Dela Rosa Street" to "Dela Rosa" only. Except when they are not "Streets" like "Kamias Road", "Aurora Boulevard", "Ayala Avenue", etc. If you are going to abbreviate, make sure you follow Waze Abbreviations and TTS standards so that our street names are ready for TTS (Text To Speech).

The City field should only contain the CITY or MUNICIPAL Name and NOT the AREASUBDIVISION, DISTRICT or BARANGAY NAME nor should it be combined with the PROVINCIAL Name.

Please give extra care on labeling the City of your edits. Unlike Street names which reflects edits (or corrections) quicker and appears on the next update, City names unfortunately embeds much longer on the City tiles in the servers. So misspelled City names reflected during an update will appear for a long time in the client (waze) despite any corrections made.

Kindly stick to the official (but shortest possible) name of the jurisdiction being edited. Also, if you are unsure of the political boundaries of the "city" you are editing, leave it at that for the moment. let's leave it to the more experienced and knowledgeable editors to sort this matter out.

Another matter of city labels, we omit the "city" to derive the shortest possible official political name of the area. The only exceptions are Quezon, Cebu, Davao, Cavite, etc as these cities have a provincial counterpart.

This will distinguish Quezon City with the province of Quezon, Cebu City with the province of Cebu, and so on.

All other cities or municipalities will stand on its own without the label "City" or "Municipality", provided it does not have a same Province name.

Currently waze has a global issue with cities having duplicate names (with the exception of North America). We are hoping to resolve this in the future by having the Province label (equivalent to State) activated. For the time being, to address this issue, the  province's initial, to which the city or municipality belongs to, is added (suffixed) to the name. e.g. Alaminos (L) for Laguna, Alaminos (P) for Pangasinan. Kindly refer to this link of repeating city names for a complete listing of all the cities and municipalities within the Philippines.

10. Do not split roads unless they are Expressways, Major, and Minor Highways. Even if they are Major or Minor highways, do not split them if they do not have wide median barriers. Split roads complicate routes and are harder to maintain.

Some formal guidelines for splitting roads in the Philippines - A road should' be split if:

  • There is at least 5 meters of non-drivable surface between directions of travel. (This means a median of some type like cement, planter boxes, trees, or just grass.
  • GPS tracks show a clearly definable gap/blank area between the color-by-azimuth arrows at the 100m zoom level.
  • U-Turns are required to properly make turns that are blocked by a median.

A road should not be split because:

  • There is a curb or non-drivable media less than 5m wide between lanes of travel. This means a turn lane, even a wide one, between directions of travel, does not count because it is drivable.
  • There are a lot of roads intersecting which can only turn onto the nearest direction of travel.
  • Google Maps or other mapping source show it as a split road
  • The non-drivable median is interrupted by a cross segment at most intersections.

Turn Lanes or at-grade connectors - First and foremost, the need to have the turn lanes mapped needs to be established. As the driver approaches an intersection, Waze has usually given at least one warning that a turn is imminent, and we can assume that the driver is already looking for turn lanes. For most intersections, that is enough to guide the driver into the proper lane and to turn at the proper time; in other words, it is enough that the two roads intersect without separately mapped turning lanes. There are only a few situations in which connectors are called for in an intersection:

  • When the turn lane physically separates from the main road well in advance of the intersection
  • When the turn lane is far enough from the point of intersection on the map (due to the size of the intersection or the angle at which the roads meet) that the driver might overshoot while waiting for a delayed "turn" audible, or that the Waze client might become confused and disrupt navigation
  • When the area is "busy" enough that the driver may not get any advance warning that a turn is coming up--in which case a connector lets you notify the driver a little earlier
  • When there are user complaints (update requests) that the audible was too late, or that the map should have shown a connector
  • When you get an automated report (map problem) that the roads are too far apart due to the intersection being too far from the turn lane
  • When in doubt, leave it out. Each connector complicates the map and adds to your workload when the time comes to check connectivity, direction, name, etc

11. When you are confident on an area you have mapped,lock the roads to prevent any changes or edits on the roads. While we appreciate the help of newbie waze editors in editing our maps, they are prone to creating errors if not informed and educated properly on our map editing guidelines. It would be great if we can direct them to read this guide first before they start doing any edits. Read the Phillipine Locking Policy for more details.

12.Adding Area Places, Point Places, and Gas Stations; When adding Places, make sure their location is properly identified through the add Area Places draw function and add the address in the details as well. If an Area Place will cover beyond a city's/minicipality's boundary or will cover more than one city/municipality, mark the city address as none. For bodies of water like creeks, rivers, lakes, sea, etc. mark the city address as none, this is so that their area will not be added to the city tile.

The main differences for these are; Area Places - These primarily POI locators but also serve another function on the Waze map. They serve as navigation aids and cues so if a landmark serves as a navigation cue and is more than 50m on it's X or Y coordinates, you can add it. If it is smaller than 50m, consider adding a Point Place. Compounds and buildings fall into this place type. Parking lots should also be an Area Place and NOT a Point Place. Area place geometry should cover only the exact area of the place. Do not stretch the geometry to where it's borders touch or overlap segments. Road types are rendered differently so all segments appear the same on WME but will be displayed differently on the client app.

Point Places - These are the main POI locators for establishments that you want to add on the map. Adding these makes these places searchable on the Waze app. If there is already an Area Place, do not add a Point Place and vice versa. Establishments inside a building or compound fall into this place type.
Gas Stations - Gas station establishments, when adding these and X or Y coordinates are not long enough, consider adding a small spike on one of the sides so that it goes over 50m in length so that it gets displayed on the client app.

Refer to the Places Policy for more details on what can be added.

DO NOT MAP MILITARY INSTALLATIONS OR BASES

13. KISS! - Keep It Simple, Stupid! Our maps should work best if they are kept simple rather than complex, therefore simplicity should be the main objective in our maps and unnecessary complexity should be avoided.