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Classification of crossings

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Best practices for different types of crossings

Crossings can be classified according to the number of single and split(double) roads involved in the crossing. For each of these there exist solutions to prevent U-turns when they are not allowed in that jurisdiction.

Why prevent U-turns?

  • We do not want Waze to suggest illegal routing. Ever.

In some countries or states, U-turns are only legal when marked as such, but Waze will suggest one on each and every occasion where it thinks it is appropriate. (In Germany U-turns are allowed in most cases, except they are forbidden by sign.)

  • Ad-hoc routing is better when U-turns are not possible.

When you divert from the route you are navigating on, leaving the purple line, Waze calculates a new route for you. If it is possible to make a U-turn, chances are that Waze will send you through that U-turn back to where you came from - the purple line was the best route, after all. But - you might have diverted from the purple line on purpose - to avoid a congestion that loomed in the next curve, or a road that is closed for repairs. If opportunities for a U-turn are rare, it is more likely to happen that Waze will route you around the next block or two so that you get back on track AFTER the congestion.

This cannot be remedied completely in editing. A roundabout always allows U-turns. Going around the block can be fast enough to make another try at the original route.

  • U-turns can be prevented by reducing the length of the segment crossing the median to less than 15 meters (49.21 feet) and leaving this segment unnamed.

Crossing Types

Three-way Crossings
Name Image Description
Simple three-way crossing
Crossing SSS.jpg Not much to say about this - except that it is the ideal 3-way crossing: simple, stable, solid. Not much can go wrong with this one! If you have to deal with any of the following types of crossing, you may first look if it is possible to turn them into this type, because it prevents a lot of trouble later on.
Single road crossing a dual road
Crossing SSD.jpg The next simple type of crossing has limitations. The way it is drawn here there is nothing that stops Waze from plotting a U-turn. Coming over the double road it takes two left-turns to get back on the road you came from. Typically that is NOT what you want.
Dual road crossing a single road
Crossing DDS.jpg
Three dual roads crossing
Crossing DDD.jpg When this type of crossing is generated in the basemap, it looks like the image presented here. It allows for U-turns in all directions.
Four-way Crossings
Name Image Description
Simple four-way crossing
Crossing SSSS.jpg Ah, the "Mother of all Crossings!" We are lucky that almost all crossings look like this. It is possible to define each and every turn restriction with a single node.
Dual road crossing three single roads
Crossing DSSS.jpg This is an ugly crossing if you come from/go to the SE. You get a direction to "Turn left, turn right". First check whether the double road can be made into a single one, so you get a SSSS. If that fails, you may want to join the double lanes into a single node, creating a sort of half-mapcat-bowtie.
Two dual roads crossing two single roads
Crossing DDSS.jpg This one allows for U-turns to be made if you enter over one of the double lanes.
Three dual roads crossing one single road
Crossing DDDS.jpg Ugly! If you cannot turn this one into a SSSS or DDSS, consider adding an extra fork on the single road and create a DDDD.
Four dual roads crossing
Crossing DDDD.jpg This crossing allows U-turns in each and every direction if no precautions are taken.