Crear y editar segmentos de vías

From waze
Jump to: navigation, search

Es.png Ir al Manual de edición
Us.png Go to Editing Manual
Esta página tiene su origen en el wiki internacional. Puede contener textos en inglés que puedes ayudar a traducir y adaptar o enlaces a páginas internacionales que paulatinamente se irán sustituyendo por sus equivalentes en español.


Para cualquier comentario o sugerencia acude a los foros...

Este artículo cubre la creación y edición de segmentos de vías. Antes de empezar a crear y a editar carreteras en el mapa, asegúrate de leer el artículo entero para asegurarte de que has entendido perfectamente todos los aspectos de cómo funcionan los segmentos en Waze.

Crear una nueva carretera

Partimos de que hayas encontrado una ubicación en la cual no hay que carretera como por ejemplo una urbanización de reciente creación. A continuación te presentamos una serie de instrucciones y capturas de pantalla que tenía gran paso a paso en el proceso de añadir una nueva carretera en el editor de mapas Waze. Las capturas de pantalla corresponden a una realidad en Little Rock, Arkansas y vamos a trabajar añadiendo las carreteras inexistentes en el área que figura resaltada a continuación

New road step 01 hilited.png


Selecciona el zoom de tal forma que puedas ver una gran parte del área que vas a editar de forma que puedas trazar todas las curvas de las calles que vas a crear Hay cuatro pasos fundamentales en la creación de nuevas rutas en Waze:

  1. Dibujar la carretera incluyendo a los cruces con otros segmentos existentes
  2. Confirmar las propiedades de la vía
  3. Autorizar los giros
  4. Guardar los cambios

Dibujando la Carretera

Toolbar Add Object Drop Down.png
Sitúe el cursor sobre el icono + en la barra de herramientas de la parte superior de la pantalla "toolbar" y haz clic en Carretera (Road). También puedes utilizar la combinación del teclado con la tecla "i", para insertar. Mueve el cursor al punto en el que quieres que la carretera comience. Debe ser un lugar libre o un punto de un segmento existente con el que quieras que la nueva carretera se cruce. El cursor se vuelve un círculo azul en el momento que haces clic para indicar que la carretera se empezará a dibujar con sus movimientos.

Cuando hagas clic sobre un segmento de una carretera existente, el cursos se resaltará para indicar que una nueva intersección entre dicho segmento y el nuevo se creará en ese lugar. New road step 01.png

Mueve el ratón a lo largo de la carretera, y como sigues los puntos aéreas o GPS para el nuevo camino, cada vez que hagas "clic", un nodo de geometría se añade, manteniendo el nuevo camino alineado con el movimiento del cursor. Al llegar al final de la nueva carretera, haga doble clic con el ratón para finalizar el modo de dibujo. La nueva carretera se mostrará en naranja para indicar que es un cambio que no se ha guardado. Si deseas eliminar la ruta que acaba de dibujar, antes de salir del modo de dibujo, puedes pulsar la tecla ESC.

New road step 02-04.png


En la situación que estamos viendo, hay otra carretera en la misma vista, la cual no está aún creada. Podemos añadir otra carretera al mapa sin tener que guardar los cambios anteriores, lo cual es un ahorro de tiempo. La siguiente imagen muestra la segunda carretera ya creada y auto-unida al primer segmento que creamos.

New road step 05.png


At this point, you can save the newly added roads if you wish. However, the process of properly adding the roads is not complete. These roads are currently still set as 1-way, with no associated city and no street name. Adding those details to the road is required before they will show up in the Waze client app, and is discussed below in the Updating details to confirm roads section below.

Note: When creating special roads like roundabouts and loops, be sure to follow the special considerations for those roads in those linked sections.


Confirmar la carretera actualizando sus detalles

Las nuevas carreteras no aparecen en la aplicación Waze hasta que son confirmadas, esto es, hasta que alguien que edita el mapa (incluso tú mismo) estableciendo el país, el estado (solo para EEUU), la ciudad y por último el nombre de la calle. En el editor de mapas, las carreteras que no están confirmadas se muestran en Rojo . Este tipo de carreteras pueden haber sido creadas dibujando o pavimentando desde la aplicación.

ACTUALIZACIÓN: Las vías "pavimentadas" no aparecerán hasta que no sean "tocadas" en el editor, pero las vías añadidas desde el editor, incluso si no han sido confirmadas, aparecerán en el mapa.


To confirm a road, select one or more segments with the mouse. Notice in the case below, we can see these are two 1-way segments. Once selected, if the properties drawer has not slid out to the left, click the tab to open it. Notice below that for the one road, there are now two segments. That is because the second road we added has split the original road into two segments, which is normal and expected. In the future you can confirm roads one by one before adding other intersecting roads, or select the multiple segments and confirm them all at once. Note that you cannot add multiple road names to multiple roads. You can only add one road name to one or more segments.

Confirm roads 01.png


Windrush pt properties.png
To edit the address details, click the Edit Address link under the Properties tab. This will enable editing of fields above it. When multiple segments are selected, you need to select Country (and State for locations which support it) as well as entering in city and street name information. If this is a location outside a city, use the "No Name" check box. For streets with no name, private drives or parking lot roads, use the "No Name" check box.

For [[1]], do not enter a street name. Leave it as "no city" to allow proper navigation routing through the roundabout.

When complete, click the Apply button, then set the correct Road Type, Direction and Level. For neighborhood streets in these examples, Street is appropriate, they are 2-way streets and they have no roads above or below them, so Level 0 is correct.

  • Please be aware the the directionality type 'No Entrance' does not prevent Waze from routing onto a road. 'No Entrance' really means 'Undefined'. When the direction is set to 'No Entrance' Waze will automatically adjust the directionality of the road as Wazers drive it. This is the initial directionality of all roads after a base map import. In addition, the locked checkbox does not prevent the directionalty from changing on 'No Entrance' roads as Wazers drive it.


Again, you can choose to save now, but there is one last step which needs to be completed before we can call this process complete: setting the allowed turns.

Establecer giros permitidos (conexiones)

New road turns not allowed.png
We've added our roads and confirmed them, but we haven't set from and to which roads can be legally driven. In the real world, sometimes two 2-way segments are connected, but direction of travel is restricted in a certain way, due to such things as a median barrier being across the road. However, in our suburban neighborhood example, these streets can all be driven to and from each other, but our screenshot to the left shows red arrows, meaning that Waze won't navigate that direction from the selected segment.


In situations where not all turns are allowed, you would click on each arrow to turn red for a disallowed direction from that segment or green to allow that turn. This needs to be done for each segment that is added to the map. The default setting after connecting a new segment to another road is to disallow all turns to the new segment.

Select junction.png
If all turns are allowed, then the faster way is to enable all turns by selecting the junction and not the individual segments.

Select the junction and it will turn from an orange circle to a red circle with a white border. If you have already selected a segment connected to that junction, sometimes you need to click elsewhere on the map to deselect that segment before you can select the junction.

Junction properties example.png
Look to the Properties drawer and you will see action links for this junction. Depending on the current state of the junction, both or either Allow all connections or Disallow all connections links will appear. For example, if all connections are currently allowed, then only the disallow all connections link will appear.


To enable all turns at an intersection, click the Allow all connections link for both of the junctions created. Alternately you can use the keyboard shortcut W to allow all connections and the shortcut Q to disallow all connections.

Other helpful turn arrow keyboard shortcuts are:

  • Shift+A - Toggles between: 1) showing the enabled and restricted turn arrows for the selected segment, and 2) showing all restricted turns (red arrows only) for every junction on the visible map (up to zoom level 4 or 500 ft showing on the lower left map legend).
  • a - Toggles between making the turn restriction arrows being directly selectable (opaque) or transparent to enable selecting objects below them on the map.
  • s - Toggles between separating turn arrows so they don't overlap making them visible and leaving them overlapped. This can also be used to refresh the screen when you have toggled visibility for all restricted turns and you have been changing the turn restrictions and the screen has not been refreshed.


To see all keyboard shortcuts, press the ? on the keyboard.

Save

Up to this point, you may have saved your progress or not. If not, click the Save button now (or use the Ctrl+s keyboard shortcut) and all of your updates will be sent to the Waze servers for processing. After the save is complete, and if there are no errors, you will be presented with the final product of this process:

New road final.png

It is good practice to save your changes often and certainly when you get more than 10 unsaved changes pending. Sometimes you may run into an error when you save that you cannot determine what is wrong and you have to undo many prior edits, sometimes all the way back to your first edit. Saving regularly limits your exposure from having to undo and redo large amounts of work in case of unresolvable errors.

Editing existing roads

Editing an existing road or segment is not very different than creating a new road. Once a road is drawn from scratch, before it is saved, all of the editing functions described here work just the same.

Adjusting road geometry (nodes)

Adjusting road geometry is changing the shape or the way a road segment looks. You need to do this for roads after they are realigned in real life, or perhaps a whole area is in the wrong place because the basemap import has the roads in the wrong place.

The instructions here, while written initially for editing an existing road segment, also apply to a new road segment you just created, but have not yet saved. The editor treats them the same.

Adjust geometry 1.png
To start adjusting the geometry of a segment, click on it. As it is highlighted, when you hover over the segment, geometry nodes (black squares) and internodes (white circles) will display along the segment. Both of these are draggable so that you can reposition them wherever you need. When you drag an internode from its default position half-way between two nodes, it will turn into a node.


Adjust geometry 2.png
To delete a node, which you would want to do to straighten out a section of the segment, hover the cursor over a node and hit the d key on the keyboard. This only works with nodes, not internodes. When you have a long straight stretch of road, and you see there are nodes located along it's length, it makes sense to delete these as it makes the road segment more simple and easier to display on the Waze client app.


Adjust geometry 3.png
When complete, the segment appears with a different geometry than at the start.

Don't forget to save!

To see these operations more easily, you can watch a video of adjusting segment geometry.

Trabajar con Callejones sin Salida y Colas de Calle

FixDE-01.jpg
Para que la aplicación Waze pueda enrutar correctamente desde una ubicación hasta un callejón sin salida o un camino sin salida, el final del último segmento debe tener un nodo final (o nodo / punto muerto). Sin este nodo final, Waze dará la instrucción Procede a la ruta indicada.

En la imagen de la derecha se puede ver un pequeño punto azul al final de la sección larga de la calle, y sin punto azul al final de la calle corta. A la calle corta le falta un nodo final al final del segmento.

FixDE-02b.jpg
FixDE-02a.jpg

Al seleccionar cada segmento en el modo de edición, se puede ver la diferencia entre las dos vías. La calle larga tiene el nodo al final (un pequeño círculo blanco) y la corta tiene un nodo de geometría (cuadrado grande negro) al final del segmento.


FixDE-03.jpg
Para añadir un nodo final de la calle corta, un debes añadir un segmento de vía temporal a la vía actual. Comienza por no tener la calle seleccionado (asegúrese de que es de color blanco, haga clic en otro lugar en el mapa). Pasa el cursor sobre el icono "+" grande en la parte superior de la pantalla en el Barra de Herramientas y haz clic en "Calle"'. También puedes utilizar el atajo de teclado que es la letra "i", de Insertar. Coloque el cursor de manera que el círculo azul aparezca al final del segmento y haz clic izquierdo con el ratón para crear la calle.
FixDE-04.jpg
FixDE-06.jpg

Click some distance away from the end of the current road and double click to end road creation. Select the newly created segment and press the Delete key or the Trash Can icon from the toolbar.

FixDE-07.jpg

Save the changes and the result will show the small court now has the proper end-node showing as a small blue square (when not being edited or selected).

Note that most cul-de-sac should not terminate in a roundabout or loop, but as a dead end as drawn here.

Junctions

Before making any change to a junction, be sure to review the Junction Style Guide for information on the best practices for creating junctions. There are many times when a junction may be drawn in a way that does not seem logical, but it is very important to the navigation engine in Waze.

Moving junctions

Moving a junction is as simple as dragging the junction to another location, however there are geometry nodes (black squares seen when editing a segment) that may need to be adjusted as well.

MoveJunc-1.png
First use the mouse to select the intersection of the road segments. This will put a red dot circled in white on the junction indicating you have selected all segments connected to the junction. Release the junction and move the mouse away until the cursor appears as a 4-way crossed arrow CrossedCursor.png. If the red dot appears transparent, it means that one of the road segments is locked above your editing level and cannot be removed without assistance from a higher level editor.


MoveJunc-2.png
With the cursor now appearing as a crossed arrow, select the red junction again and drag it to the desired location. The harsh angles in the road are caused by the geometry nodes of the segments and will need to be adjusted next. It is important to position the junction in a location that is not on top of a segment. That makes it difficult to adjust the geometry nodes and in some cases will tell the editor to merge junctions if one is present below the junction you are moving.


MoveJunc-3.png
The black geometry nodes can be moved, removed, or added as explained in detail above. Adjust them to align with the visual map or the known GPS tracks.


Merging junctions

There are times when just two segments are linked to each other with a junction. In general they are not a problem, but they do make future map edits a bit longer to process and can be the source of unrecognized incorrect turn restrictions. However, it is very important to study the two segments before merging their respective junctions (or segment ends) to ensure they are not intentionally present.

Legitimate Reasons for Two-segment Junctions
One of the segment properties is different at that point, i.e., city name changes, road name changes, road type changes
The segments are part of a loop road and require the extra junction to allow the Waze routing engine to properly navigate through the loop.

Once you are certain there is no reason to have the extra junction, there are two methods to remove it. One method highlights the two segments and bridges them together and the other method will drag one junction on top of the other junction.

Bridge segments

This method may be the preferred method to start because it enables the WME to alert you when there are possibly legitimate differences (listed in the table directly above) between the segments giving the junction a purpose. When the segments are different, the special bridge icon will not appear at the junction.

MergeJunc-2a.png
With the mouse, select one of the segments and then holding down the multi-select key (Control for Windows/Linux and Command for Mac) select the second segment. If the two segments have the same properties, a small bridge icon will appear above it. Click the bridge to merge the two segments eliminating the junction between them. A geometry node will be placed where the junction was previously located. To remove the node (if necessary), select the segment (it will turn blue) and hover the mouse near the old junction. The geometry nodes should be displayed and you can press the d key do remove the unwanted node at that point.
Drag together

This method has the distinction of ignoring any differences between the segments on either side of the junctions to be merged. It should only be used when you are certain there is no legitimate reason for the segments to be different.

MergeJunc-1a.png
MergeJunc-1b.png
With the mouse, select one of the junctions to be merged turning it into a red circle with a white ring around it. Next drag it toward the other junction while watching for any acute angles in the segment between them. If they appear, it means there are geometry nodes between the two junctions, and they need to be removed before the two nodes will properly merge. If there are no geometry nodes between them, simply lay the red junction on top of the second (target) junction and they will be merged. Note that any turn restrictions previously set on either junction will need to be reviewed to ensure they are set correctly using the procedure above.


Allow/Disallow connections

Changing the allowed and disallowed turns in a junction follows the same procedure for controlling them when updating a road segment described above.

(Re)Moving a road from a junction

Updating road details

The details of a road can be entered as discussed with regard to confirming the details of a new road above. The procedure is the same for updating the details of an existing road segment.

To update details, first, select the segment(s) you need to update. Click on the segment and the segment will turn blue. SelectionCB.png

Multiple segments may be selected by holding down the modifier key and clicking additional segments. The modifier key for Mac is the command key, for Windows the control key and for Linux the control key. Each selected segment will turn blue. MultipleSelectionCB.png

Once selected, if the Properties Toolbox has not slid out to the left, click the tab to open it.

PropertiesToolboxCB.png

Address Properties

At the top of the properties toolbox are the address fields. The address fields include Country, State (currently only in the United States), City and Street. Alternate street names are displayed but can not currently be edited in the waze map editor. To edit the address details, click the Edit Address link. This will enable editing of fields above it. The Country (and State) fields may be updated by selecting a different country (or state) from the dropdown selections. Selections will only be provided for countries (or states) that are present on other nearby road segments.

The city and street names may be updated by typing a new name. See Naming for guidance on choosing the correct street name. As a name is typed, Waze provides a list of similar names. These similar entries can be selected by clicking them. If the segment is in a location outside a city, the "No City" check box should be selected and the city name will be blank. If the road does not have a name, the "No Street" check box should be selected and street name will be blank. Entries must be present for each address property. To eliminate a city name or street name the appropriate "No City" or "No Street" box must be checked. When complete, click the Apply button. If no changes are to be made, the cancel link may be selected.

If the above Address Properties are not set for a segment, the road will display as a red line in the editing map only and it will not appear in the Waze client app after the next update. This process is part of the road verification process. When the Waze client app uses the pave option, the road is created in the edited Waze map only. That Wazer or another Wazer who is editing the map in that area must set these properties in this section in order for the road to be seen in the client.

Road Properties

In the middle of the properties toolbox are the road segment properties.

Road Type

The road type is changed by selecting the appropriate road type from the drop down box. RoadTypeCB.png

See Labling and the Map_Legend for further guidance on selecting the correct road type.

Road Direction

The direction of the road is changed by selecting the appropriate direction from the drop down box.

RoadDirectionCB.png

If traffic may travel both ways on the road, select "Two way." If traffic may travel only one-way on the road, one of the "One way(→)" or "One way(←)" selections is appropriate. Selecting "One way(→)" results in a one way street in the native direction of the segment. Selecting "One way(←)" results in a one way street in the opposite direction. Each road segment has a native direction. This native direction does not necessarily correspond to any particular direction on the map (the native direction may be north, east, south, west or any direction that the road segment was created in). If you created the road as discussed above, the native direction will be the direction from the point you clicked to start the road segment towards the point you double clicked to end the road segment. There is no current way to discern the native direction of a two-way or unknown road segment by looking at the editor. Therefore you must simply choose one of the "One way" choices without knowing which is correct. If you guess wrong, choose the other. When you select a "One way" direction, black arrows showing the direction of travel will appear on the segment.

OneWaySelectCB.png

After the road properties are saved, the direction is indicated by blue chevrons on the road.

OneWaySavedCB.png


Base mapped roads are originally assigned the direction of unknown. When the direction is set to unknown Waze will automatically adjust the directionality of the road as Wazers drive it. When editing make every effort to determine the correct direction of the road and choose either "Two way" or the appropriate "One way" direction.

Road Level

The road level should be changed where one road passes over another. By default, the Level of a segment is 0 (zero). When two segments overlap, the value of Level for each segment must be different. This ensures that the Waze problem detection system doesn't flag the spot where two segments overlap as a location where a junction might be needed. See Bridges for more information on levels.

Locked Box

The segment is locked by checking the locked check box. For information on the effect of checking the locked box see Locked Roads.

Changing turn restrictions

Each intersection of two or more segments keeps track of the allowed directions you can turn from one segment to another. Changing these turn restrictions follows the same procedure as outlined above in the section on Set allowed turns.

Separator line (disabled)

SeparatorLine.png
The original map editor before the Waze Map Editor had the ability to add a black separator line down the middle of a road segment. It caused difficulty with map editing and was removed as a feature from the updated WME. The Waze developers will eventually have all of the current separator lines removed from the map. Until that time they should be ignored.


Roundabouts

See Creating and Editing a roundabout for guidance on roundabouts or traffic circles.

Es.png Ir al Manual de edición
Us.png Go to Editing Manual