To edit the Wiki, please login with the same username and password as WME and the forum. Visit the forum for editing guidelines and discussions.

How to label and name roads (Switzerland)

From waze
Jump to: navigation, search

Back to Wiki Switzerland

Road Classification

Here you can find the assignment and designation of roads and cities in Switzerland.

  • If you have any questions post here in this thread: Discussion-Thread.
  • Languages: German, English, French, Italian, everybody is welcome.
  • Or PM me directly if you have any questions.

Map Legend Switzerland

Here you can find the Map Legend Switzerland with informations on signage and the individual segments.

Road Categories


  • Freeway => Freeways in Switzerland
  • Major Highway => Express roads which are not freeways
  • Minor Highway => Numbered main streets, max. two digits.
  • Ramps => Entrance and exit to freeways


  • Primary Street => Main streets with yellow roadshield
  • Street => Roads or secondary roads
  • Service Road => Are not used in CH. -> Merged in 2014 with road category 'street'.

Other - drivable

  • Dirt Roads/4x4 Trails => Gravel roads, field roads (agriculture and forestry), forest roads.
  • Parking Lot Road => All types of parking lots
  • Private Road => Private roads


  • Walking Trails => Walking trails
  • Pedestrian Boardwalk => Pedestrian walkways, boardwalks, all kind of riverside walks
  • Stairway => Stairways
  • Railroad => Railroads
  • Runway/Taxiway => Runways/taxiways
    (This is here for completeness. It makes no sense to equip all airports with these, Landmark (Airport) is quite sufficient!)


Assignment of the main and secondary roads:

  • Please pay attention to the signage.
    • Blue signpost, blue town sign, white/yellow square sign (main road) => Primary Street
    • White signpost, white town sign (secondary road) => Street

Road naming


Freeway => Freeway

  • Naming: A1, A2, A3 - E60...

Express roads

Major Highway => Express roads

  • Naming A1L, A52...

National main streets

Minor Highway => National main streets with a number, max. two digits.

  • Inner city: Streetname and "Alt Street" N1, N2...
  • Outer city: If there is no streetname: N1, N2...

If a National main street is leading over a freeway the name of the freeway and "Alt Street" N1, N2...

Numbered main streets

Minor Highway => National-, and numbered main streets, max. two digits.

  • Inner city: Streetname and "Alt Street" H1, H2...
  • Outer city: If there is no streetname: H1, H2...

Please note: there are two different kind of numbered main roads in Switzerland! The N-type is mostly not in use anymore or is leading over the freeways.

Exit ramps and Entrance ramps

Ramps => Ramps to and from freeways
Designation referred to the names on the signs of the entrances and exits.

The ">" is spoken by TTS as "Richtung" which means "direction to"

  • Ausfahrt Zürich Flughafen
  • Ausfahrt Bülach-Nord


  • Einfahrt > Basel Bern Luzern
  • Einfahrt > Zürich Dietikon

  • AusfahrtWegweiser.png Ausfahrt Niederbipp Langenthal

  • WegweiserAutobahn.png Einfahrt > Basel

Freeway intersections

Freeway intersections and exits, should be labelled with a landmark. The landmark should be kept tight to the road system to ensure a tidy transfer to the client. The landmark should be named with the number and the name of the intersection.
Type is: "Junction/Interchange".

Example: "17 Frick"

  • Frick.png

Example: "8 Liestal"

  • Augst.png


Streetnames according to the name on the road sign.


Make sure that a city name is unique and assign only names which have an on zip code! We have a list of all valid citynames here: Ortsliste Schweiz


  • List of all freeways [1]
  • List of all express roads (Major Highway)[2]
  • List of all national main roads (Freeways/Minor Highways) [3]
  • List of numbered main roads (Minor Highway) [4]

Back to Wiki Switzerland