Difference between revisions of "Canada"

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<big>'''Complete Guide to Waze in the Canada'''</big> (Under Development)
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<big>'''Complete Guide to Waze in Canada'''</big>
  
* Since the USA and Canada share the same Waze server, please refer to USA link in the left menu bar for additional information.  
+
*Since the USA and Canada share the same Waze server, many of the policies and best practices that have been developed for the US also apply to Canada. This page contains information that is unique to Canada. Because some of it is still being developed, please [[USA|follow the guidance for the US]] where it is not in conflict with the information here.
* This page should also available in [[Canada (French)|French]]. See "Use your language skills" below.
+
*This page is now in development and available in [[Canada (Français)|French]].
==[[waze:About|About Waze]]==
+
==[[Getting Started]]==
+
==[[Help Improve Waze]]==
+
==Forums==
+
'''Please''' check out the Canada-specific forums here: [https://www.waze.com/forum/viewforum.php?f=57]
+
  
Feel free to post questions and ask for advice in your editing.  Our region is very different in a number of ways from the United States, so the generic editing guidelines don't always apply.
+
== About Waze ==
  
==[[Map Editing]]==
+
Please see the article [[About|About Waze]]
* Please follow the [http://www.canadapost.ca/tools/pg/manual/PGaddress-e.asp#1423617 Canada Post street type abbreviation] to reduce map clutter by not using long road type name. 
+
  
  e.g. John St, Bayview Ave, Don Valley Pky, Slick Dr, Main Blvd
+
== Getting Started ==
  e.g. SW instead of South-west
+
  
See http://www.canadapost.ca/tools/pg/manual/PGaddress-e.asp#1423617 for full details in English and French.
+
Please see the article [[Getting Started]].
  
* Canada Post also published the abbreviations for provinces and territories [http://www.canadapost.ca/tools/pg/manual/PGaddress-e.asp#1380608]
+
Another great resource for new map editors is the [[Welcome to WME]].
  e.g. Whitehorse, YT  Toronto, ON  Charlottetown PE
+
  
* For wide roads (at least 3 lanes on each direction) with two directions of traffic, consider [[Best_map_editing_practice#When_.28Not.29_to_Split_a_Two-Way_Road|the best map editing practice for North America]] so that a GPS lock will be made correctly. Note: standard lane width is about 3.5m, typical GPS accuracy is about 10-20m. '''Generally, splitting a road is not desirable.'''
+
== Help Improve Waze ==
  
=== Unlock Requests ===
+
Please see the article [[Help Improve Waze]]
Canada has its own forum area for unlock requests.  Please [http://www.waze.com/forum/viewforum.php?f=358|post your requests here].
+
 
 +
=== Use your language skills ===
 +
 
 +
{{:Use your language skills}}
 +
 
 +
== Forums ==
 +
 
 +
'''Please''' check out the Canada-specific forums here: [http://www.waze.com/forum/viewforum.php?f=57 [1]]
 +
 
 +
Feel free to post questions and ask for advice in your editing. Our region is very different in a number of ways from the United States, so the generic editing guidelines don't always apply.
  
 
== Area/Country Managers ==
 
== Area/Country Managers ==
If you are an Area Manager that covers the Country of Canada, or a Canadian Country Manager that does a lot of work in Canada, please add yourself to this list. See comments via an "Edit" of this section to add yourself.
 
  
{| border="1" cellpadding="2"
+
If you are an Area Manager that covers part of Canada, or a Country Manager that does a lot of work in Canada, please add yourself to this list. See comments via an "Edit" of this section to add yourself.
<!-- TABLE HEADERS -->
+
 
 +
{| border="1"
 
|- align="center"
 
|- align="center"
! scope="col" width="100pt" bgcolor="skyblue"|Username
+
! scope="col" width="100pt" bgcolor="skyblue" | Username
! scope="col" width="200pt" bgcolor="skyblue"|Areas Managed
+
! scope="col" width="200pt" bgcolor="skyblue" | Primary Areas Managed
! scope="col" width="200pt" bgcolor="skyblue"|Comments
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! scope="col" width="200pt" bgcolor="skyblue" | Comments
! scope="col" width="50pt" bgcolor="skyblue"|[http://www.waze.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=12&t=17712&start=10#p161484 Forum PM]
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! scope="col" width="50pt" bgcolor="skyblue" | [http://www.waze.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=12&t=17712&start=10#p161484 Forum PM]
 +
<!-- Sort by rank (GC, LC first, then 5, 4, 3, 2, 1.  Tie break with alphabetical username --><!-- *** START AM/CM TABLE DATA - Edit After *** --><!-- *** Please leave a blank line between AM/CM entries *** -->
  
<!-- -->
+
|- align="center"
<!-- *** START AM/CM TABLE DATA - Edit After *** -->
+
| [[User:Doctorkb|doctorkb]]
<!-- *** Please leave a blank line between AM/CM entries *** -->
+
| Western Canada (Alberta & BC)
 +
| Waze Global Champ, Rank 6 CM for Canada; AM for Edmonton, Prince George, and various places in between
 +
| [http://www.waze.com/forum/ucp.php?i=pm&mode=compose&subject=CA%20Resource%20Wiki:&username=doctorkb PM]
  
 
|- align="center"
 
|- align="center"
| [[User:doctorkb|doctorkb]] || Western Canada (Alberta & BC) || Waze Global Champ (Canada), Level 6 CM for Canada; AM for Edmonton, Prince George, and various places in between. || [http://www.waze.com/forum/ucp.php?i=pm&mode=compose&subject=CA%20Resource%20Wiki:&username=doctorkb PM]
+
| [[User:Hmarian|hmarian]]
 +
| Ontario
 +
| Waze Global Champ, Rank 6 CM for Canada; AM for Greater Toronto Area and the surrounding communities
 +
| [http://www.waze.com/forum/ucp.php?i=pm&mode=compose&subject=CA%20Resource%20Wiki:&username=hmarian PM]
  
 
|- align="center"
 
|- align="center"
| [[User:EECGeek|EECGeek]] || Ontario / Quebec, Canada || CM for Canada and US; AM for Ottawa, Eastern Ontario and Western Quebec. || [http://www.waze.com/forum/ucp.php?i=pm&mode=compose&subject=CA%20Resource%20Wiki:&username=EECGeek PM]
+
| [[User:EECGeek|EECGeek]]
 +
| Ontario / Quebec, Canada
 +
| Waze Local Champ (Canada), Rank 5 CM for Canada and US; AM for Ottawa, Eastern Ontario and Western Quebec
 +
| [http://www.waze.com/forum/ucp.php?i=pm&mode=compose&subject=CA%20Resource%20Wiki:&username=EECGeek PM]
  
 
|- align="center"
 
|- align="center"
| [[User:james8970|james8970]] || Western/Central Canada || CM || [http://www.waze.com/forum/ucp.php?i=pm&mode=compose&subject=CA%20Resource%20Wiki:&username=james8970 PM]
+
| [[User:James8970|james8970]]
 +
| Western/Central Canada
 +
| Waze Local Champ (Canada), Rank 5 CM for Canada
 +
| [http://www.waze.com/forum/ucp.php?i=pm&mode=compose&subject=CA%20Resource%20Wiki:&username=james8970 PM]
  
 
|- align="center"
 
|- align="center"
| [[User:joe01romano|joe01romano]] || Eastern Canada || CM / AM for Canada and US. || [http://www.waze.com/forum/ucp.php?i=pm&mode=compose&subject=CA%20Resource%20Wiki:&username=joe01romano PM]
+
| [[User:Webs101|Webs101]]
 +
| Quebec
 +
| Waze Local Champ (Canada), Rank 5 CM for Canada
 +
| [http://www.waze.com/forum/ucp.php?i=pm&mode=compose&subject=CA%20Resource%20Wiki:&username=Webs101 PM]
  
 
|- align="center"
 
|- align="center"
| [[User:Webs101 |Webs101 ]] || Just Quebec for now... || CM || [http://www.waze.com/forum/ucp.php?i=pm&mode=compose&subject=CA%20Resource%20Wiki:&username=Quebec PM]
+
| [[User:manoeuvre|manoeuvre]]
 +
| Ontario
 +
| Waze Local Champ (Canada), Rank 5 CM for Canada, AM for Greater Toronto Area
 +
| [http://www.waze.com/forum/ucp.php?i=pm&mode=compose&subject=CA%20Resource%20Wiki:&username=manoeuvre PM]
 +
 
 +
|- align="center"
 +
| [[User:Jay91150|Jay91150]]
 +
| Alberta, Maritimes
 +
| Waze Local Champ (Canada), Rank 4 AM
 +
| [http://www.waze.com/forum/ucp.php?i=pm&mode=compose&subject=CA%20Resource%20Wiki:&username=Jay91150 PM]
 +
 
 +
|- align="center"
 +
| [[User:Joe01romano|joe01romano]]
 +
| Eastern Canada
 +
| Rank 5 CM / AM for Canada and US
 +
| [http://www.waze.com/forum/ucp.php?i=pm&mode=compose&subject=CA%20Resource%20Wiki:&username=joe01romano PM]
 +
 
 +
|- align="center"
 +
| [[User:SkiDooGuy|SkiDooGuy]]
 +
| Saskatchewan
 +
| Rank 5 CM / AM for Saskatchewan
 +
| [http://www.waze.com/forum/ucp.php?i=pm&mode=compose&u=16831039 PM]
 +
 
 +
|- align="center"
 +
| [[User:Erablian|erablian]]
 +
| Alberta
 +
| Rank 4 AM for Alberta
 +
| [http://www.waze.com/forum/ucp.php?i=pm&mode=compose&subject=CA%20Resource%20Wiki:&username=erablian PM]
 +
 
 +
|- align="center"
 +
| [[User:Invented|invented]]
 +
| Ontario
 +
| Rank 4 AM for Ontario
 +
| [http://www.waze.com/forum/ucp.php?i=pm&mode=compose&subject=CA%20Resource%20Wiki:&username=invented PM]
  
 
<!-- *** END AM/CM TABLE DATA - Edit Before *** -->
 
<!-- *** END AM/CM TABLE DATA - Edit Before *** -->
 
|}
 
|}
  
 
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<br/><!-- *** COPY BETWEEN HERE...
<!-- *** COPY BETWEEN HERE...
+
  
 
|- align="center"
 
|- align="center"
Line 67: Line 115:
 
...AND HERE TO ADD A NEW AM/CM*** -->
 
...AND HERE TO ADD A NEW AM/CM*** -->
  
==[[Use your language skills]]==
+
=== AM / CM Requests ===
 +
To request Area Manager or Country Manager access, please see this thread: http://www.waze.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=57&t=93406
  
==[[Problems and Issues]]==
+
=== Unlock Requests ===
Canadian highways are defined differently than their US counterparts, please have a look at the discussion page and comment, as well as the section below.
+
  
The [[Montreal Area]] has unique issues of its own.
+
Canada has its own forum area for unlock requests. Please make&nbsp;[http://www.waze.com/forum/viewforum.php?f=358%7Cpost your requests here].
  
==U-Turns==
+
== Closures ==
===British Columbia===
+
Please report road closures via  [http://docs.google.com/forms/d/1qseeTLrjIW5eLVBuReJhxw0f5kqYtCVYyVsQMkxXJUY/viewform?usp=send_form this form.]
<blockquote>'''168'''  Except as provided by the bylaws of a municipality or the laws of a treaty first nation, a driver must not turn a vehicle so as to proceed in the opposite direction
+
  
:(a) unless the driver can do so without interfering with other traffic, or,
+
This form allows for complete (or directional, i.e. A->B only) closures to be reported. Partial closures (i.e. one of two lanes in a direction) should not be reported.
:(b) when he or she is driving
+
::(i)  on a curve,
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::(ii)  on an approach to or near the crest of a grade where the vehicle cannot be seen by the driver of another vehicle approaching from either direction within 150 m,
+
::(iii) at a place where a sign prohibits making a U-turn,
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::(iv)  at an intersection where a traffic control signal has been erected, or
+
::(v)  in a business district, except at an intersection where no traffic control signal has been erected.
+
[http://www.bclaws.ca/EPLibraries/bclaws_new/document/LOC/freeside/--%20M%20--/46_Motor%20Vehicle%20Act%20RSBC%201996%20c.%20318/00_Act/96318_05.xml#section168 Motor Vehicle Act of British Columbia]
+
</blockquote>
+
  
'''Practical application in Waze:''' restrict all u-turns in BC unless there is a sign outright permitting them.
+
Major Events (e.g. Commonwealth Games, Tour d'Alberta, etc.) should still be dealt with using the Waze Major Events form.
  
===Alberta===
+
This method is preferred over adding restrictions -- it is nearly immediate (processed several times per day by Waze staff), and does not rely on a tile rebuild. The closure will also be visible in the app and on the livemap, in addition to avoiding routing through the segment.
<blockquote>Do not do a U-turn unless you can do it safely. U-turns are not permitted:
+
* at an intersection controlled by a traffic control signal (traffic lights) unless permitted by a traffic control device
+
* where a sign prohibits U-turns
+
  
In urban areas U-turns are not permitted:
+
== Problems and Issues ==
* on a roadway between intersections
+
* at an alley intersection
+
* at an intersection where one or more of the roadways is an access to a public or private parking lot which the public can access
+
  
Outside urban areas (rural) U-turns are not permitted:
+
The [[Montreal Area]] has unique issues of its own.
* on a curve
+
* approach to or near the crest of a hill where the driver of another vehicle cannot see you that is approaching within 150 metres from either direction
+
[http://www.transportation.alberta.ca/2000.htm A Driver's Guide to Operation, Safety and Licensing: Cars and Light Trucks]
+
</blockquote>
+
  
'''Practical application in Waze:''' restrict all u-turns in Alberta unless there is a sign outright permitting them.
+
== U-Turns ==
  
===Saskatchewan===
+
'''Practical application in Waze:''' restrict all u-turns in Canada unless there is a sign outright permitting them.
  
===Manitoba===
+
British Columbia Statute: [http://www.bclaws.ca/EPLibraries/bclaws_new/document/LOC/freeside/--%20M%20--/46_Motor%20Vehicle%20Act%20RSBC%201996%20c.%20318/00_Act/96318_05.xml#section168 Motor Vehicle Act of British Columbia]
  
===Ontario===
+
Alberta Guidelines: [http://www.transportation.alberta.ca/2000.htm A Driver's Guide to Operation, Safety and Licensing: Cars and Light Trucks]
  
===Quebec===
+
Ontario Statute: R.S.O. 1990, c. H.8, s. 143. [http://www.e-laws.gov.on.ca/html/statutes/english/elaws_statutes_90h08_e.htm#BK218 Highway Traffic Act]
  
===Newfoundland / Labrador===
+
Quebec Statute: Highway Safety Code [http://www2.publicationsduquebec.gouv.qc.ca/dynamicSearch/telecharge.php?file=/C_24_2/C24_2.html&type=2 [1]]
  
===New Brunswick===
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== City Naming ==
===Nova Scotia===
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===Prince Edward Island===
+
===Yukon Territory===
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===Northwest Territories===
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===Nunavut===
+
  
==Definitions==
 
===Naming===
 
 
Towns, cities villages etc... To save space just put in the name of the city, example "Toronto" '''not''' "City of Toronto", or for smaller places use "Springfield" '''not''' "Town of Springfield" or "Village of Springfield".
 
Towns, cities villages etc... To save space just put in the name of the city, example "Toronto" '''not''' "City of Toronto", or for smaller places use "Springfield" '''not''' "Town of Springfield" or "Village of Springfield".
  
'''Please avoid''' the use of the province after the place. For example don't put in "Springfield, Qc" or "Springfield, On" because it is known to make two towns in the same place, and is almost impossible to eradicate. Many towns have "Springfield" and "Springfield, Qc" in the same area which confuses things which we're trying to avoid.
+
'''''NEVER '''include the province in the City field.'' For example don't put in "Springfield, Qc" or "Springfield, On".
 +
 
 +
If you find a city that can't save without the province name (perhaps it changes when you save it, or generates other save error), please post a message in the applicable province's forum.
 +
 
 +
This applies to both primary names and alternate names -- the alternate city is assumed to be in the primary province and country.
 +
 
 +
== Road Naming ==
 +
 
 +
=== Highways ===
 +
'''Minor/Major Highways'''&nbsp;should be named in this format:
 +
 
 +
::'''Hwy #'''&nbsp;(H is capitalized, the 'wy' in lower case, followed by a number)&nbsp;'''e.g. Hwy 16'''<br/>
 +
::'''Not'''&nbsp;'Highway #' or 'HWY # (all caps)'.
 +
::<br/>
 +
::Where the signage indicates the highway based on a name ("Lougheed Hwy" or "Sooke Rd"), the name should be used. &nbsp;If, however, the signage refers to it by number primarily, that is to be the primary name, regardless of the local knowledge (e.g. the Sea-to-Sky Highway is signed as Hwy 99).
 +
 
 +
=== Abbreviations ===
 +
Please follow the [http://www.canadapost.ca/tools/pg/manual/PGaddress-e.asp#1423617 Canada Post street type abbreviation] to reduce map clutter by not using long road type name.
 +
 
 +
  e.g. Trinity Crt, Apache Trail, Cowbell Lane, Fargo Close, Hemlock Cres,<br>French Hts, Kings Pk, Kenwood Psge, Bobcat Terr, Paddock Vlg, Topview Ctr,<br>Thompson Private
 +
  e.g. SW instead of South-west
 +
 
 +
See [http://www.canadapost.ca/tools/pg/manual/PGaddress-e.asp#1423617 http://www.canadapost.ca/tools/pg/manual/PGaddress-e.asp#1423617] for full details in English and French.
 +
 
 +
Check to make sure that the Canada Post Abbreviation has a working TTS in this [http://docs.google.com/spreadsheet/ccc?key=0AgVtBjo5tTNgdG5vVHN5RmVzaWdlWk1VLTRzYUhGN0E#gid=0 sheet]. If it does not, then default to the [[Abbreviations_and_acronyms|Waze TTS List]].
 +
 
 +
== Road Types ==
 +
 
 +
=== Within Metropolitan Areas ===
 +
 
 +
In the US, the DOT has a Functional Classification system which had been adopted by Waze Champs as the method for classifying different road types.  Overall, this has resulted in use of the highway types for arterial roads in the metropolitan areas, with the Primary Street type being available for collector-type roads.
 +
 
 +
Unfortunately, we don't have the same standardized government-published maps to adopt here, but we can consider many of the same principles. This was first looked at in Edmonton, and seems to have been met with great success.
 +
 
 +
With that in mind, we'd like to consider the following criteria for use within metropolitan areas and any city with a population exceeding ~40,000.  In the event that the infrastructure of a smaller city has been designed with arterial routes, this may be adopted there, but will typically be less obvious.
 +
 
 +
If the local government has published maps that define arterial and collector routes, please use those to set the street types.
 +
 
 +
==== Changing of Types ====
  
===Changing of Types===
 
 
As a highway enters a city/town, it often becomes a named street, and sometimes would no longer fit the usual criteria for a "highway".
 
As a highway enters a city/town, it often becomes a named street, and sometimes would no longer fit the usual criteria for a "highway".
  
 
Due to a number of reasons, including long-distance routing issues, as well as appearance, the highway should remain as the same type it entered the city/town (except if it's a Freeway -- if it no longer fits the Freeway criteria, it may be downgraded to Major Highway until it is again a Freeway).
 
Due to a number of reasons, including long-distance routing issues, as well as appearance, the highway should remain as the same type it entered the city/town (except if it's a Freeway -- if it no longer fits the Freeway criteria, it may be downgraded to Major Highway until it is again a Freeway).
  
===Trans-Canada Highway===
+
The road type designation should follow the entire numbered route.
http://www.waze.com/wiki/images/4/41/RoadBlue.png
+
  
Road type: Freeway<br />
+
==== Freeways ====
Primary name: Hwy 1<br />
+
Alternate: Trans-Canada Hwy<br />
+
  
There are parts of Hwy 1 that travel through some National/Provincial parks with frequent stops, reduced speed and undivided portions. These segments should be reduced to a Major Highway until the speed increases, stops are minimized and the highway is divided again.
+
[[Image:RoadBlue.png]]
  
===Quebec Roads===
+
In general, Freeways will have:
  
http://www.waze.com/wiki/images/4/41/RoadBlue.png
+
*Multi-Lane, divided road
 +
*No cross traffic
 +
*No stop lights (except for ramp meters)
 +
*No stop signs
 +
*No parking
 +
*No stopping (except for [[Toll roads|toll booths]], freeway access metering, movable bridges, and traffic congestion)
 +
*Highest speed limits (relative to region)
 +
*Some have minimum speed limits
 +
*Limited access:
 +
**Access restrictions vary by region but some typical restrictions are:
 +
***No pedestrians
 +
***No bicycles
 +
***No mopeds
 +
***No Animal-Drawn Vehicles
 +
**Entrance ramps are typically designed with an acceleration zone so that cars can accelerate up to freeway speeds before merging into freeway traffic
 +
**Exit ramps are typically designed with a deceleration zone so that traffic can exit the freeway at freeway speeds without obstructing traffic, then have sufficient distance to slow down before any turns
  
Autoroutes, or limited access highways, such as the 20/40/55 or any *40 are considered freeways  
+
When considering the road type, use the above noted Freeway classification as a guideline, with the idea that a Canadian "Freeway" may lack one of the criteria (e.g. Whitemud Freeway in Edmonton is 80 km/h, but meets all other criteria; Hwy 16 W of Edmonton doesn't have ramps for every junction, but meets all other criteria)
 +
 
 +
==== Major Highway ====
 +
 
 +
[[Image:Majorhighwayseg.png]]
 +
 
 +
Use for major arterial roads.  Often these have 2-3 lanes (or more) in each direction, and may be structured to be turned into freeways eventually.  Usually this means relatively few intersections, higher speed limit, and higher capacity.
 +
 
 +
Additionally, if a road enters an area as a Freeway, but then loses its limited-access situation, it will generally continue on as a Major Highway.
 +
 
 +
If only one type of arterial is used by the municipality on their maps, the decision between a "major" and a "minor" will be that of relative importance and capacity.  Generally, a "major" will have 2+ lanes, whereas a minor may only have one.  Local knowledge is also especially useful in determining this.
 +
 
 +
==== Minor Highway ====
 +
 
 +
[[Image:RoadYell.png]]
 +
 
 +
Use for arterial roads.  They are more direct than using collector roads and sometimes have slightly increased speed limits.
 +
 
 +
==== Primary Street ====
 +
 
 +
[[Image:Primary street.png]]
 +
 
 +
Suitable for collector roads through neighbourhoods and thoroughfares that aren't arterial.
 +
 
 +
=== Outside Metropolitan Areas ===
 +
 
 +
==== Trans-Canada Highway ====
 +
 
 +
[[Image:RoadBlue.png]]
 +
 
 +
Road type: Freeway<br/>Primary name: Hwy ## (e.g. Hwy 1)<br/>Alternate: Trans-Canada Hwy
 +
 
 +
There are parts of the TCH that travel through National/Provincial parks with frequent stops, reduced speed and undivided portions. These segments should be reduced to a Major Highway until the speed increases, stops are minimized or the highway is divided again.
 +
 
 +
==== Quebec Roads ====
 +
 
 +
[[Image:RoadBlue.png]]
 +
 
 +
Autoroutes, or limited access highways, such as the 20/40/55 or any *40 are considered freeways
  
 
The big exception to this rule is Autoroute 50 which is still a freeway, even though some small parts of it are not limited access and some are only two lane with no divider.
 
The big exception to this rule is Autoroute 50 which is still a freeway, even though some small parts of it are not limited access and some are only two lane with no divider.
  
The official road map of Quebec should be consulted to determine the status of provincial routes. The map is available in [http://www.quebec511.gouv.qc.ca/fr/carte_routiere/ French] and [http://www.quebec511.gouv.qc.ca/en/carte_routiere/? English].  
+
The official road map of Quebec should be consulted to determine the status of provincial routes. The map is available in [http://www.quebec511.gouv.qc.ca/fr/carte_routiere/ French] and [http://www.quebec511.gouv.qc.ca/en/carte_routiere/? English].
  
http://www.waze.com/wiki/images/2/28/Majorhighwayseg.png
+
[[Image:Majorhighwayseg.png]]
  
 
Major highways on the map are in depicted in red and should be red in Waze.
 
Major highways on the map are in depicted in red and should be red in Waze.
  
http://www.waze.com/wiki/images/3/37/RoadYell.png
+
[[Image:RoadYell.png]]
  
 
Minor highways in yellow-orange on the map should be in yellow.
 
Minor highways in yellow-orange on the map should be in yellow.
Line 165: Line 274:
 
A very general rule of thumb is that 100-series highways are in red while 200 and 300-series highways are in yellow. This is not completely accurate, however, so please consult the official map.
 
A very general rule of thumb is that 100-series highways are in red while 200 and 300-series highways are in yellow. This is not completely accurate, however, so please consult the official map.
  
n.b. also, the [[Montreal Area]] has its own rules.
+
==== Ontario Roads ====
  
===Ontario Roads===
+
[[Image:RoadBlue.png]]
  
http://www.waze.com/wiki/images/4/41/RoadBlue.png
+
All 400 series highways are in blue as they are limited access freeways. Also other highways, for example the 174 just east of Ottawa, are in blue as they are limited access.
  
all 400 series highways are in blue as they are limited access freeways. Also other highways for example the 174 just east of Ottawa are also in blue as they are limited access.
+
[[Image:Majorhighwayseg.png]]
  
http://www.waze.com/wiki/images/2/28/Majorhighwayseg.png
+
Certain Major highways are two lane but are still in red because they collect the minor highways, and many county roads and we need to distinguish them, examples are the 174 east of Ottawa/Orleans, the 17, the 138, 38 the 7 in eastern Ontario.
  
Certain Major highways are two lane but are still in red because they collect the minor highways, and many county roads and we need to distinguish them, examples are the 174 east of Ottawa/Orleans, the 17, the 138, 38 the 7 in eastern Ontario.  
+
[[Image:RoadYell.png]]
  
http://www.waze.com/wiki/images/3/37/RoadYell.png
+
County roads may be in yellow if they have higher speed limits than most main roads around them. Not all county roads should be designated "Minor Highway" -- grid roads should be addressed like Alberta's Range / Township Roads.
  
County roads will be in yellow as they have higher speed limits them most main roads.
+
==== Alberta Roads ====
  
===Alberta Roads===
+
[[Image:RoadBlue.png]]
  
http://www.waze.com/wiki/images/4/41/RoadBlue.png
+
Freeways in Canada need to follow a different standard than in the US.
 
+
Freeways in Canada need to follow a different standard than in the US.  
+
  
 
Currently in Alberta, only ring roads (perimeter roads around a city), Hwy 1 (including the highways Hwy 1 splits into), Hwy 2, Hwy 16, and any highways with limited access (e.g. highways with no traffic lights, and access is exclusive to ramps entrances).
 
Currently in Alberta, only ring roads (perimeter roads around a city), Hwy 1 (including the highways Hwy 1 splits into), Hwy 2, Hwy 16, and any highways with limited access (e.g. highways with no traffic lights, and access is exclusive to ramps entrances).
  
When considering the road type, use the [[Map_Legend#Road_Type_Classifications:|rules for the US]] as a guideline, with the idea that a Canadian "Freeway" may lack one of the criteria used in the US (e.g. Whitemud Freeway in Edmonton is 80 km/h, but meets all other criteria; Hwy 16 W of Edmonton doesn't have ramps for every junction, but meets all other criteria)
+
When considering the road type, use the above noted Freeway classification as a guideline, with the idea that a Canadian "Freeway" may lack one of the criteria (e.g. Whitemud Freeway in Edmonton is 80 km/h, but meets all other criteria; Hwy 16 W of Edmonton doesn't have ramps for every junction, but meets all other criteria)
  
http://www.waze.com/wiki/images/2/28/Majorhighwayseg.png
+
[[Image:Majorhighwayseg.png]]
  
http://www.waze.com/wiki/images/3/37/RoadYell.png
+
[[Image:RoadYell.png]]
 
+
'''Minor/Major Highways''' should be named in this format:<br />
+
:: '''Hwy #''' (H is capitalized, the 'wy' in lower case, followed by a number) '''e.g. Hwy 216'''<br />
+
:: '''Not''' 'Highway #' or 'HWY # (all caps)'.
+
  
 
Generally highways in the 1–216 series are major highways (except when they are freeways), and highways in the 500–999 series are minor highways. However, a highway with a letter suffix in its number should generally be one type lower than the corresponding highway without the letter suffix. For example Hwy 2A is major highway, one type lower than Hwy 2 (freeway), and Hwy 13A in Camrose is minor highway, one type lower than Hwy 13 (major highway).
 
Generally highways in the 1–216 series are major highways (except when they are freeways), and highways in the 500–999 series are minor highways. However, a highway with a letter suffix in its number should generally be one type lower than the corresponding highway without the letter suffix. For example Hwy 2A is major highway, one type lower than Hwy 2 (freeway), and Hwy 13A in Camrose is minor highway, one type lower than Hwy 13 (major highway).
Line 203: Line 306:
 
Some highways in the 500–999 series are gravel, and this raises a dilemma for Waze editors because Waze lacks a road type for all-weather gravel roads. The consensus is to use "Dirt road / 4X4 Trail" for gravel highways in regions where paved alternative routes are available for many destinations, but to use "Minor Highway" in regions where there are no paved alternatives.
 
Some highways in the 500–999 series are gravel, and this raises a dilemma for Waze editors because Waze lacks a road type for all-weather gravel roads. The consensus is to use "Dirt road / 4X4 Trail" for gravel highways in regions where paved alternative routes are available for many destinations, but to use "Minor Highway" in regions where there are no paved alternatives.
  
==== Township and Range Roads ====
+
===== Township and Range Roads =====
  
 
Township and range roads are maintained and signed by the local municipal district (MD). Some MDs have chosen a numbering format with a hyphen before the last digit (e.g. “Township Rd 38-4”) but most have chosen a hyphenless format (e.g. “Range Rd 15”). In WME, the road names should follow the local format as used on the signs. Abbreviate “Rd” but leave “Township” and “Range” unabbreviated.
 
Township and range roads are maintained and signed by the local municipal district (MD). Some MDs have chosen a numbering format with a hyphen before the last digit (e.g. “Township Rd 38-4”) but most have chosen a hyphenless format (e.g. “Range Rd 15”). In WME, the road names should follow the local format as used on the signs. Abbreviate “Rd” but leave “Township” and “Range” unabbreviated.
 +
 +
Township and Range roads are '''not''' highways and should be (at highest) Primary Street.
  
 
List (incomplete) of MDs that use hyphens: <!-- When adding, keep alphabetical order -->Clearwater County, Lacombe County, Mountain View County, Stettler County
 
List (incomplete) of MDs that use hyphens: <!-- When adding, keep alphabetical order -->Clearwater County, Lacombe County, Mountain View County, Stettler County
  
==[[Technical Information]]==
+
==== British Columbia Roads ====
 +
 
 +
[[Image:RoadBlue.png]]
 +
 
 +
Freeways in Canada need to follow a different standard than in the US.
 +
 
 +
When considering the road type, use the above noted Freeway classification as a guideline, with the idea that a Canadian "Freeway" may lack one of the criteria (e.g. Whitemud Freeway in Edmonton is 80 km/h, but meets all other criteria; Hwy 16 W of Edmonton doesn't have ramps for every junction, but meets all other criteria)
 +
 
 +
[[Image:Majorhighwayseg.png]]
 +
 
 +
[[Image:RoadYell.png]]
 +
 
 +
Highways are defined by the provincial numbering scheme. &nbsp;Any numbered route will be either a Freeway, Major Highway or Minor Highway, regardless of the use of stop lights or the path it takes through a city/town.
 +
 
 +
Additionally, streets that are named "Highway" (e.g. Barnet Highway in Burnaby) may also receive a highway classification.
 +
 
 +
Differentiation between a major and minor highway is largely based on its destination and importance of the route. &nbsp;Also,&nbsp;a highway with a letter suffix in its number should generally be one type lower than the corresponding highway without the letter suffix. For example Hwy 19A in Courtenay is major highway, one type lower than Hwy 19 (freeway), and Hwy 4A in Coombs is minor highway, one type lower than Hwy 4 (major highway).
 +
 
 +
=== Alleys ===
 +
 
 +
Alleys should not be added to the map.  In some cases (e.g. Vancouver and Toronto areas), we have left the ones in place, but in most cases they should be removed.
 +
 
 +
This is particularly relevant to basemapped areas that included them -- e.g. Saskatchewan -- small towns should certainly have the alleyways removed.
 +
 
 +
In places where they are retained, they should have their city name set and the "None" box checked for Street Name.  They should also be changed to Parking Lot street type.
 +
 
 +
== Technical information ==
 +
 
 +
Please see the article [[Technical Information]].
 +
 
 +
[[Category:Canada]]

Latest revision as of 12:14, 2 April 2015

Complete Guide to Waze in Canada

  • Since the USA and Canada share the same Waze server, many of the policies and best practices that have been developed for the US also apply to Canada. This page contains information that is unique to Canada. Because some of it is still being developed, please follow the guidance for the US where it is not in conflict with the information here.
  • This page is now in development and available in French.

About Waze

Please see the article About Waze

Getting Started

Please see the article Getting Started.

Another great resource for new map editors is the Welcome to WME.

Help Improve Waze

Please see the article Help Improve Waze

Use your language skills

  • Waze is strongly committed to supporting the different countries and languages of the world but depends on your help.
  • The Waze client app has over 1000 words and phrases to be translated into languages used around the world. Some are nearly finished. Some are halfway done. Some of them haven't even started! If you read and write more than one language, you can help with the translation. Even one phrase helps - you don't have to do it all!
  • This Wiki is used by people from countries around the world, speaking different languages. Maybe you'd like to help add and improve pages specific to a country and language

Forums

Please check out the Canada-specific forums here: [1]

Feel free to post questions and ask for advice in your editing. Our region is very different in a number of ways from the United States, so the generic editing guidelines don't always apply.

Area/Country Managers

If you are an Area Manager that covers part of Canada, or a Country Manager that does a lot of work in Canada, please add yourself to this list. See comments via an "Edit" of this section to add yourself.

Username Primary Areas Managed Comments Forum PM
doctorkb Western Canada (Alberta & BC) Waze Global Champ, Rank 6 CM for Canada; AM for Edmonton, Prince George, and various places in between PM
hmarian Ontario Waze Global Champ, Rank 6 CM for Canada; AM for Greater Toronto Area and the surrounding communities PM
EECGeek Ontario / Quebec, Canada Waze Local Champ (Canada), Rank 5 CM for Canada and US; AM for Ottawa, Eastern Ontario and Western Quebec PM
james8970 Western/Central Canada Waze Local Champ (Canada), Rank 5 CM for Canada PM
Webs101 Quebec Waze Local Champ (Canada), Rank 5 CM for Canada PM
manoeuvre Ontario Waze Local Champ (Canada), Rank 5 CM for Canada, AM for Greater Toronto Area PM
Jay91150 Alberta, Maritimes Waze Local Champ (Canada), Rank 4 AM PM
joe01romano Eastern Canada Rank 5 CM / AM for Canada and US PM
SkiDooGuy Saskatchewan Rank 5 CM / AM for Saskatchewan PM
erablian Alberta Rank 4 AM for Alberta PM
invented Ontario Rank 4 AM for Ontario PM


AM / CM Requests

To request Area Manager or Country Manager access, please see this thread: http://www.waze.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=57&t=93406

Unlock Requests

Canada has its own forum area for unlock requests. Please make your requests here.

Closures

Please report road closures via this form.

This form allows for complete (or directional, i.e. A->B only) closures to be reported. Partial closures (i.e. one of two lanes in a direction) should not be reported.

Major Events (e.g. Commonwealth Games, Tour d'Alberta, etc.) should still be dealt with using the Waze Major Events form.

This method is preferred over adding restrictions -- it is nearly immediate (processed several times per day by Waze staff), and does not rely on a tile rebuild. The closure will also be visible in the app and on the livemap, in addition to avoiding routing through the segment.

Problems and Issues

The Montreal Area has unique issues of its own.

U-Turns

Practical application in Waze: restrict all u-turns in Canada unless there is a sign outright permitting them.

British Columbia Statute: Motor Vehicle Act of British Columbia

Alberta Guidelines: A Driver's Guide to Operation, Safety and Licensing: Cars and Light Trucks

Ontario Statute: R.S.O. 1990, c. H.8, s. 143. Highway Traffic Act

Quebec Statute: Highway Safety Code [1]

City Naming

Towns, cities villages etc... To save space just put in the name of the city, example "Toronto" not "City of Toronto", or for smaller places use "Springfield" not "Town of Springfield" or "Village of Springfield".

NEVER include the province in the City field. For example don't put in "Springfield, Qc" or "Springfield, On".

If you find a city that can't save without the province name (perhaps it changes when you save it, or generates other save error), please post a message in the applicable province's forum.

This applies to both primary names and alternate names -- the alternate city is assumed to be in the primary province and country.

Road Naming

Highways

Minor/Major Highways should be named in this format:

Hwy # (H is capitalized, the 'wy' in lower case, followed by a number) e.g. Hwy 16
Not 'Highway #' or 'HWY # (all caps)'.

Where the signage indicates the highway based on a name ("Lougheed Hwy" or "Sooke Rd"), the name should be used.  If, however, the signage refers to it by number primarily, that is to be the primary name, regardless of the local knowledge (e.g. the Sea-to-Sky Highway is signed as Hwy 99).

Abbreviations

Please follow the Canada Post street type abbreviation to reduce map clutter by not using long road type name.

 e.g. Trinity Crt, Apache Trail, Cowbell Lane, Fargo Close, Hemlock Cres,
French Hts, Kings Pk, Kenwood Psge, Bobcat Terr, Paddock Vlg, Topview Ctr,
Thompson Private e.g. SW instead of South-west

See http://www.canadapost.ca/tools/pg/manual/PGaddress-e.asp#1423617 for full details in English and French.

Check to make sure that the Canada Post Abbreviation has a working TTS in this sheet. If it does not, then default to the Waze TTS List.

Road Types

Within Metropolitan Areas

In the US, the DOT has a Functional Classification system which had been adopted by Waze Champs as the method for classifying different road types. Overall, this has resulted in use of the highway types for arterial roads in the metropolitan areas, with the Primary Street type being available for collector-type roads.

Unfortunately, we don't have the same standardized government-published maps to adopt here, but we can consider many of the same principles. This was first looked at in Edmonton, and seems to have been met with great success.

With that in mind, we'd like to consider the following criteria for use within metropolitan areas and any city with a population exceeding ~40,000. In the event that the infrastructure of a smaller city has been designed with arterial routes, this may be adopted there, but will typically be less obvious.

If the local government has published maps that define arterial and collector routes, please use those to set the street types.

Changing of Types

As a highway enters a city/town, it often becomes a named street, and sometimes would no longer fit the usual criteria for a "highway".

Due to a number of reasons, including long-distance routing issues, as well as appearance, the highway should remain as the same type it entered the city/town (except if it's a Freeway -- if it no longer fits the Freeway criteria, it may be downgraded to Major Highway until it is again a Freeway).

The road type designation should follow the entire numbered route.

Freeways

RoadBlue.png

In general, Freeways will have:

  • Multi-Lane, divided road
  • No cross traffic
  • No stop lights (except for ramp meters)
  • No stop signs
  • No parking
  • No stopping (except for toll booths, freeway access metering, movable bridges, and traffic congestion)
  • Highest speed limits (relative to region)
  • Some have minimum speed limits
  • Limited access:
    • Access restrictions vary by region but some typical restrictions are:
      • No pedestrians
      • No bicycles
      • No mopeds
      • No Animal-Drawn Vehicles
    • Entrance ramps are typically designed with an acceleration zone so that cars can accelerate up to freeway speeds before merging into freeway traffic
    • Exit ramps are typically designed with a deceleration zone so that traffic can exit the freeway at freeway speeds without obstructing traffic, then have sufficient distance to slow down before any turns

When considering the road type, use the above noted Freeway classification as a guideline, with the idea that a Canadian "Freeway" may lack one of the criteria (e.g. Whitemud Freeway in Edmonton is 80 km/h, but meets all other criteria; Hwy 16 W of Edmonton doesn't have ramps for every junction, but meets all other criteria)

Major Highway

Majorhighwayseg.png

Use for major arterial roads. Often these have 2-3 lanes (or more) in each direction, and may be structured to be turned into freeways eventually. Usually this means relatively few intersections, higher speed limit, and higher capacity.

Additionally, if a road enters an area as a Freeway, but then loses its limited-access situation, it will generally continue on as a Major Highway.

If only one type of arterial is used by the municipality on their maps, the decision between a "major" and a "minor" will be that of relative importance and capacity. Generally, a "major" will have 2+ lanes, whereas a minor may only have one. Local knowledge is also especially useful in determining this.

Minor Highway

RoadYell.png

Use for arterial roads. They are more direct than using collector roads and sometimes have slightly increased speed limits.

Primary Street

Primary street.png

Suitable for collector roads through neighbourhoods and thoroughfares that aren't arterial.

Outside Metropolitan Areas

Trans-Canada Highway

RoadBlue.png

Road type: Freeway
Primary name: Hwy ## (e.g. Hwy 1)
Alternate: Trans-Canada Hwy

There are parts of the TCH that travel through National/Provincial parks with frequent stops, reduced speed and undivided portions. These segments should be reduced to a Major Highway until the speed increases, stops are minimized or the highway is divided again.

Quebec Roads

RoadBlue.png

Autoroutes, or limited access highways, such as the 20/40/55 or any *40 are considered freeways

The big exception to this rule is Autoroute 50 which is still a freeway, even though some small parts of it are not limited access and some are only two lane with no divider.

The official road map of Quebec should be consulted to determine the status of provincial routes. The map is available in French and English.

Majorhighwayseg.png

Major highways on the map are in depicted in red and should be red in Waze.

RoadYell.png

Minor highways in yellow-orange on the map should be in yellow.

A very general rule of thumb is that 100-series highways are in red while 200 and 300-series highways are in yellow. This is not completely accurate, however, so please consult the official map.

Ontario Roads

RoadBlue.png

All 400 series highways are in blue as they are limited access freeways. Also other highways, for example the 174 just east of Ottawa, are in blue as they are limited access.

Majorhighwayseg.png

Certain Major highways are two lane but are still in red because they collect the minor highways, and many county roads and we need to distinguish them, examples are the 174 east of Ottawa/Orleans, the 17, the 138, 38 the 7 in eastern Ontario.

RoadYell.png

County roads may be in yellow if they have higher speed limits than most main roads around them. Not all county roads should be designated "Minor Highway" -- grid roads should be addressed like Alberta's Range / Township Roads.

Alberta Roads

RoadBlue.png

Freeways in Canada need to follow a different standard than in the US.

Currently in Alberta, only ring roads (perimeter roads around a city), Hwy 1 (including the highways Hwy 1 splits into), Hwy 2, Hwy 16, and any highways with limited access (e.g. highways with no traffic lights, and access is exclusive to ramps entrances).

When considering the road type, use the above noted Freeway classification as a guideline, with the idea that a Canadian "Freeway" may lack one of the criteria (e.g. Whitemud Freeway in Edmonton is 80 km/h, but meets all other criteria; Hwy 16 W of Edmonton doesn't have ramps for every junction, but meets all other criteria)

Majorhighwayseg.png

RoadYell.png

Generally highways in the 1–216 series are major highways (except when they are freeways), and highways in the 500–999 series are minor highways. However, a highway with a letter suffix in its number should generally be one type lower than the corresponding highway without the letter suffix. For example Hwy 2A is major highway, one type lower than Hwy 2 (freeway), and Hwy 13A in Camrose is minor highway, one type lower than Hwy 13 (major highway).

Some highways in the 500–999 series are gravel, and this raises a dilemma for Waze editors because Waze lacks a road type for all-weather gravel roads. The consensus is to use "Dirt road / 4X4 Trail" for gravel highways in regions where paved alternative routes are available for many destinations, but to use "Minor Highway" in regions where there are no paved alternatives.

Township and Range Roads

Township and range roads are maintained and signed by the local municipal district (MD). Some MDs have chosen a numbering format with a hyphen before the last digit (e.g. “Township Rd 38-4”) but most have chosen a hyphenless format (e.g. “Range Rd 15”). In WME, the road names should follow the local format as used on the signs. Abbreviate “Rd” but leave “Township” and “Range” unabbreviated.

Township and Range roads are not highways and should be (at highest) Primary Street.

List (incomplete) of MDs that use hyphens: Clearwater County, Lacombe County, Mountain View County, Stettler County

British Columbia Roads

RoadBlue.png

Freeways in Canada need to follow a different standard than in the US.

When considering the road type, use the above noted Freeway classification as a guideline, with the idea that a Canadian "Freeway" may lack one of the criteria (e.g. Whitemud Freeway in Edmonton is 80 km/h, but meets all other criteria; Hwy 16 W of Edmonton doesn't have ramps for every junction, but meets all other criteria)

Majorhighwayseg.png

RoadYell.png

Highways are defined by the provincial numbering scheme.  Any numbered route will be either a Freeway, Major Highway or Minor Highway, regardless of the use of stop lights or the path it takes through a city/town.

Additionally, streets that are named "Highway" (e.g. Barnet Highway in Burnaby) may also receive a highway classification.

Differentiation between a major and minor highway is largely based on its destination and importance of the route.  Also, a highway with a letter suffix in its number should generally be one type lower than the corresponding highway without the letter suffix. For example Hwy 19A in Courtenay is major highway, one type lower than Hwy 19 (freeway), and Hwy 4A in Coombs is minor highway, one type lower than Hwy 4 (major highway).

Alleys

Alleys should not be added to the map. In some cases (e.g. Vancouver and Toronto areas), we have left the ones in place, but in most cases they should be removed.

This is particularly relevant to basemapped areas that included them -- e.g. Saskatchewan -- small towns should certainly have the alleyways removed.

In places where they are retained, they should have their city name set and the "None" box checked for Street Name. They should also be changed to Parking Lot street type.

Technical information

Please see the article Technical Information.