Difference between revisions of "Glossary"
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:[[Image:Segments Nodes Junctions.png|right|110px]]Defines a section of roadway on which vehicles may travel or a pathway where only people may travel. Multiple segments are connected by [[#Junction|junctions]].
Revision as of 06:10, 6 May 2013
The following terms are defined on this page to clarify the meaning of each of them as they relate to Waze. The are provided alphabetically for your convenience.
ASR - Automatic Speech Recognition
- The ability of a smartphone to translate a user's voice commands into actions on the device
BGS - Big Green Sign
- A large green sign is the US standard road signage for exits and other information.
Carpool, carpool lane
- A vehicle with 2 or more occupants. Also known as HOV Lanes and Transit Lanes, are lanes restricted for the use of cars carrying a specified number of occupants. See Carpool lanes for more information.
- Strip of land or barrier separating a dual carriageway. Also known as a median.
- Cookies are the dots on unconfirmed roads (sometimes called pacman roads). Cookie munching (or road munching) is driving over such roads and earns points. It also confirms the road is drivable for the Waze server. See What are those dots... for more information.
- endpoint node found at the end of a segment without another segment connected to its end, when the other endpoint node of the segment is connected to one or more other segments.
- Whether a road is one-way, two-way or Unknown.
- See dual carriageway
- A road or highway in which the two directions of traffic are separated by a central barrier or strip of land, known as a central reservation or median
- A defined distance around the drives you have taken with Waze running within which you have rights to edit unlocked objects. See editable area for more information.
- segment, is visible only after selecting a segment while in WME, and when joined to other endpoint nodes create a junction.
- See HOV
- Motorway; the major road system in your country. See freeways for more information.
- The layout or shape of a segment. Each road is made up of one or more segments. The segments are made up of one or more straight line sections. These sections can be short, effectively allowing curves to be created in a segment. See Editing existing roads for more information.
- See Editing existing roads for more information.
- The level or elevation of a road with respect to surrounding roads. So a road would normally be at level grade. A road going underneath in a tunnel would be a -1 grade. A road going over would be a +1 grade. At complicated junctions such as freeway interchanges there can be many levels. So on a flat map we assign levels to show that while the roads cross, they do not connect because they are at different heights or elevations. See At-grade connectors for more information.
HOV, HOV Lane - High Occupancy Vehicle
- A vehicle with 2 or more occupants. HOV Lanes, also known as Carpool Lanes and Transit Lanes, are lanes restricted for the use of cars carrying a specified number of occupants. See Carpool lanes for more information.
- Editors paid by Waze to make updates to the map. See IGN for more information.
Intl or INTL - International
- International abbreviation used to refer to the non-North America server infrastructure and location.
Junction or Junction Point
- Junctions look different depending on the situation:
- (needs updating to current map editor) Selected and editable segment junction
- Selected and uneditable segment junction (no permissions to change due to locks)
- Changed, unsaved junction
- See Junction Style Guide for more information.
- A button on the Waze client app to indicate there is a problem with the map. See Update Requests for more information.
Map tile, tile
- The Waze map is divided into a grid using 1km-square areas which are called tiles or map tiles. Changes to the map are processed on a per-tile basis. Changes to any part of a map tile causes Waze to mark the tile as changed and it will be rebuilt in the next map update cycle.
Median, median barrier
- Strip of land or barrier separating a divided highway or motorway. Also known as a central reservation.
- Freeway; the major road system in your country
- Driving over roads which have not previously been driven (pacman roads). See cookie munching for more information.
NA - North America
- Abbreviation used for the servers that cover the USA and Canada maps.
- Starting point for a driving route, with the destination being the ending point.
- Unconfirmed roads marked with dots (cookies) that have not been driven upon since being created or significantly edited in the Waze Map Editor. Driving over these roads earns you points and turns your car icon into a Pacman-type character that "munches the dots." See cookie munching for more information.
- The road segments linking roadways that are not necessarily their own named streets. They are often part of the rampways getting on or off freeways and highways or between freeways. After initially exiting a freeway they help further direct drivers through additional turn decisions before reaching the desired roadway or street. See Junction Style Guide for more information.
PM, Private Message
- Every Waze user has a personal mail account inside the Waze forums for the purpose of communicating with each other. See Private message for more information.
- Also called a kettle or chuckhole, is a type of disruption in the surface of a roadway where a portion of the road material has broken away, leaving a hole.
- A freeway entrance or exit; sliproad. Ramps may be on-ramps or off-ramps. Ramps used to connect roads at a different grade from the connecting road or freeway. See ramp road type and Junction Style Guide for more information.
- See Reverse Connectivity.
- A segment is defined in the Waze database as having a connection (turn allowed), via a junction, to another segment in a direction which goes against the directionality of at least one of the segments. This can cause routing irregularities.
- Though it is hard to see this in the editor, two segments of a one-way road connected together could have an allowed "turn" in the opposite direction of the flow of traffic, or directionality, of the segments. This can be seen in the editor by turning both segments to 2-way and then seeing the location of the allowed turns. The Color Highlighting userscript can also assist in identifying where reverse connectivity exists.
- Earning points by driving over roads (distance traveled). See cookie munching.
- See Self Connectivity.
- A segment is defined in the Waze database as having a connection, via a junction, back to itself. That can cause routing irregularities, but also may be the future of how to define a u-turn. As of today, self connectivity is not desirable. Tools such as the Color Highlighting userscript can help identify this situation.
- A motorway entrance or exit; ramp. Sliproads are often at a different grade from the connecting road or motorway
Time-based, or time restricted
- Related to turns (and special lanes). When a turn is restricted (or a lane is controlled) based on the time of day, it is often referred to as a time restricted turn or a time-based turn restriction.
- Also known as Carpool Lanes and HOV Lanes, are lanes restricted for the use of cars carrying a specified number of occupants. See Carpool lanes for more information.
- Text-to-speech - Navigation instructions spoken to the driver by the Waze application
Update Request (UR)
- An Update Request is a Map Issue reported by a user from the Waze client app. It is also a layer in the Map Editor. See update requests for more information.
- See Pathfinder
- A user of the Waze application
- Abbreviation for Waze Map Editor
- "Abbreviation" used to refer to the non-North America server infrastructure and location