How to label and name roads (Ireland)

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This page covers road names for Ireland. For other countries see this page.

Introduction

See the following forum posts for discussion:

Abbreviations

The following abbreviations should be considered to conserve screen space.

Notes:

  1. Roads like "The Avenue", "The Green" etc should not normally be abbreviated.
  2. TTS = Text To Speech for supported countries.


Road Name Abbreviation TTS Compatibility
Alley Aly Yes
Annex Anx Yes
Arcade Arc Yes
Avenue Ave Yes
Bayoo Byu Yes
Beach Bch Yes
Bend Bnd Yes
Bluff Blf Yes
Bottom Btm Yes
Boulevard Blvd Yes
Branch Br Yes
Bridge Brg Yes
Broadway Bdwy Untested
Brook Brk Yes
Brooks Brks Yes
Burg Bg Incompatible
Burgs Bgs Untested
Bypass Byp Yes
Camp Cp Yes
Canyon Cyn Yes
Cape Cpe Untested
Causeway Cswy Yes
Center Ctr Yes
Centers Ctrs Untested
Circle Cir Yes
Circles Cirs Untested
Cliff Clf Untested
Cliffs Clfs Untested
Close Cl Yes
Club Clb Yes
Common Cmn Untested
Corner Cor Untested
Corners Cors Untested
Course Crse Yes
Court Ct Yes
Courts Cts Untested
Cove Cv Incompatible
Coves Cvs Untested
Creek Crk Untested
Crescent Cres Yes
Crest Crst Yes
Crossing Xing Yes
Crossroad Xrd Yes
Curve Curv Yes
Dale Dl Yes
Dam Dam Yes
Divide Dv Incompatible
Drive Dr Yes
Drives Drs Untested
Estate Est Untested
Estates Ests Untested
Expressway Expy Yes
Extension Ext Yes
Extensions Exts Untested
Fall Fall Untested
Falls Fls Yes
Ferry Fry Untested
Field Fld Untested
Fields Flds Untested
Flat Flt Yes
Flats Flts Untested
Ford Frd Untested
Fords Frds Untested
Forest Frst Untested
Forge Frg Untested
Forges Frgs Untested
Fork Frk Untested
Forks Frks Untested
Fort Ft Yes
Freeway Fwy Yes
Garden Gdn Yes
Gardens Gdns Yes
Gateway Gtwy Yes
Glen Gln Yes
Glens Glns Untested
Green Grn Yes
Greens Grns Untested
Grove Grv Yes
Groves Grvs Untested
Harbor Hbr Yes
Harbors Hbrs Untested
Haven Hvn Untested
Heights Hts Yes
Highway Hwy Yes
Hill Hl Yes
Hills Hls Yes
Hollow Holw Yes
Inlet Inlt Yes
Island Is Untested
Islands Iss Untested
Isle Il Yes
Junction Jctn Yes
Junctions Jctns Yes
Key Key Yes
Keys Keys Yes
Knoll Knl Yes
Knolls Knls Yes
Lake Lk Untested
Lakes Lks Untested
Land Land Untested
Landing Lndg Yes
Lane Ln Yes
Light Lgt Yes
Lights Lgts Yes
Loaf Lf Yes
Lock Lck Yes
Locks Lcks Yes
Lodge Ldg Yes
Loop Loop Yes
Mall Mall Yes
Manor Mnr Yes
Manors Mnrs Yes
Meadow Mdw Yes
Meadows Mdws Yes
Mews Mews Yes
Mill Ml Untested
Mills Mls Untested
Mission Msn Yes
Motorway Mtwy Yes
Mount Mount Yes
Mountain Mtn Yes
Mountains Mtns Yes
Neck Nck Yes
Orchard Orch Yes
Oval Oval Yes
Overpass Opas Yes
Parade Pde Yes
Park Pk Yes
Parks Pks Yes
Parkway Pky Yes
Parkways Pkys Yes
Pass Pass Yes
Passage Psge Yes
Path Path Yes
Pike Pke Yes
Pine Pne Yes
Pines Pnes Yes
Place Pl Yes
Plain Pln Untested
Plains Plns Yes
Plaza Plz Yes
Point Pt Untested
Points Pts Yes
Port Prt Yes
Ports Prts Yes
Prairie Prr Yes
Radial Radl Yes
Ramp Ramp Yes
Ranch Rnch Yes
Rapid Rpd Incompatible
Rapids Rpds Yes
Rest Rst Untested
Ridge Rdge Yes
Ridges Rdgs Untested
Rise Rise Untested
River Riv Yes
Road Rd Yes
Roads Rds Untested
Route Rte Yes
Row Row Yes
Rue Rue Yes
Run Run Yes
Shoal Shl Yes
Shoals Shls Yes
Shore Shr Yes
Shores Shrs Yes
Skyway Skwy Yes
Spring Spg Yes
Springs Spgs Yes
Spur Spur Untested
Square Sq Yes
Squares Sqs Yes
Station Sta Yes
Stream Strm Yes
Street St Yes
Streets Sts Yes
Summit Smt Yes
Terrace Ter Yes
Throughwawy Thwy Yes
Trace Trce Yes
Track Trak Yes
Trafficway Trfy Yes
Trail Trl Yes
Tunnel Tunl Yes
Turnpike Tpk Yes
Underpass Upas Yes
Union Un Untested
Unions Uns Yes
Valley Vly Yes
Valleys Vlys Yes
Viaduct Vdct Yes
View Vw Yes
Views Vws Yes
Village Vlg Yes
Villages Vlgs Yes
Ville Vl Untested
Vista Vis Yes
Walk Walk Yes
Wall Wall Yes
Waters Wtr Untested
Way Way Yes
Ways Ways Yes
Well Wl Yes
Wells Wls Yes

Road Types

The following convention should be followed as far as possible. This includes where major and minor routes pass through towns.

Waze Road Type Irish Road Types
Freeway Motorway (Mxx)
Major Highway National Primary & National Secondary(Nxx)
Minor Highway Regional Roads (Rxxx) including link roads into bypassed towns.
Primary Street 'Main' streets and rural L roads that are important connectors.
Streets Residential Streets and most rural L roads
Dirt Tracks Rural L roads on which two cars cannot pass without pulling in

See the following from Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Local_roads_in_Ireland): "The Roads Act 1993 gives local authorities the duty to "assign a number or other identifying mark to each local road in respect of which it has responsibility". Local Road numbers have been used for administrative purposes since the Act came into effect, but Local Road numbers did not generally appear on directional signposts until the late 2000s. Most road-maps do not show Local Road numbers, although some are marked on OpenStreetMap. Local roads are classified by the road authority for the area as Local Primary, Local Secondary or Local Tertiary roads. The Local Primary roads are numbered from L1000 - L4999. Local Secondary Roads are numbered from L5000 - L8999. Local Tertiary roads are numbered from L10001 - L89999, with the first four digits representing the Local Primary or Secondary Road it is off. Local Tertiary Roads which are unrelated to a Local Primary or Secondary Road are numbered from L90000 upwards. Local Roads are divided into segments of 2 kilometres to 3 kilometres maximum. For this reason they serve a limited function as the applicable L road number generally ends at junctions with other local roads. The numbering systems are not widely known to the public. However they must be made available to the public on request in accordance with section 10 of the Roads Act 1993. Unlike National and Regional Roads in Ireland, Local Road numbers are not unique. For example, there is an L1001 in Inch, Co Wexford, another L1001 in Limerick and a third in Longford. There are various unrelated roads numbered L1002 across Wexford, Kildare and Meath."

Broadly speaking the Local Primaries are Primary Streets; the Local Secondaries are Streets and the Local Tertiaries are Dirt Roads but users should use their best judgement when occasionally this doesn't produce useful results. Remember that Primary Streets do not disappear when you zoom out - if you have too many, the map becomes cluttered.

Road Names for Numbered Roads

If you are adding a local name to a numbered road then the number should be first and separated from the name i.e. "R126 Hearse Rd"

Naming local roads by the townlands is acceptable and probably of more use as this makes these addresses searchable. The non-uniqueness of L numbers and the lack of knowledge of them makes them of dubious value.

Motorway Carriageway Naming Convention

Whenever possible, on split roads, name carriageways with the direction of travel. Insert the direction of travel at the end of the road name; e.g.,

  • M1 N
  • M50 S

This makes traffic and incident reports much more useful and helps with navigation.