Pennsylvania

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USA Pennsylvania.png

This page serves as the primary resource for editors of Pennsylvania. Review all the sections to better understand how the guidelines for this state might deviate from the overall USA or worldwide guidelines. If you have any comments or questions about this page or state refer to the community links below.

Please do not make changes to this page, to suggest a change visit: Pennsylvania Wiki Page Discussion


Introduction

Pennsylvania is a part of the Northeast region, which includes the states and/or territories of:

Delaware / New Jersey / New York / Pennsylvania.


Mapping resources

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Before editing the maps in Pennsylvania, be sure to fully review and understand the editing manual.

The Waze user community follows the Waze etiquette guidelines discussed in the Wiki. Be sure to familiarize yourself with these guiding principals while editing the maps and this Wiki, as well as when communicating with other Waze users.

Map Editing Resources

Tip: Editors are strongly encouraged to download & install the WME Toolbox & Waze Validator Plugins. These are VERY helpful tools for identifying problems and even offers advice how to fix them.

See Pennsylvania/Resources for guidance in Pennsylvania that may not be universal to all other states and territories.


Community

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The Waze forum is a great place to find answers to previously asked questions and also a place to ask new ones. Below are links to the forums specific to Pennsylvania.

Area Managers for Pennsylvania can be found in the table below.

New editors should consider checking into the formal mentoring program available at no charge.


Cities and towns

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One of the most common errors when editing the maps is when an editor creates a road and does not confirm the road by setting the city and road name (or stating it has none).

Duplicate cities can be caused by incorrectly named segments and should be corrected following the guidelines in the duplicate cities article.

In [://www.waze.com/editor/ WME], every segment of every Minor Highway, Primary Street, Street, Private Road, Parking Lot Road, and Dirt Road/4x4 Trail should have a city name applied to it.  Major Highways  should have a city name applied to all segments that also have street addresses.

City names are not required on Freeways and Ramps and may cause nuisance detours. Set city names on highway segments which junction with ramps or on ramps, only if you know how to avoid the detour problems

The only city name that should be applied to a segment is the incorporated municipal name (city, borough, or township) or the official 2010 Census Designated Place name (what is a CDP?) Do not use other unincorporated names such as villages or neighborhoods. Do not use postal names or areas.

See PennDOT's municipal maps for incorporated municipality borders and proper naming information. For maps that are missing from this list, you might be able to get the information you need from PennDOT's County Maps or by visiting that city's GIS website. CDP outlines and names for Pennsylvania are found here.

If a road runs on a border, according to Waze statements, the other city should be in the alternate name field to support address searches.

If a road segment runs across a border, it should be split with a junction on the border if there should be house numbers applied within each city. This supports address search. Otherwise apply the city name that makes the most sense, or none at all for freeways.

See Duplicate cities for information on resolving the numerous conflicting city names in Pennsylvania. When a municipality has the same name and city type (i.e. Borough, Township, City), append the county after the city name in the format Cityname, Countyname. This is based on a recommendation by Waze for future database organization.


Major roads

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Pennsylvania follows the general road naming and road type guidelines of the USA.

The Functional Classification chart shown below has been modified from the national chart to more closely reflect the roads in Pennsylvania.

Functional Classification reference chart

Use this chart to determine the road type for Pennsylvania roads based on the functional class.

First, find the functional class of the road from the PennDOT Functional Classification county maps and determine if it is a signed, numbered highway in a one of the highway systems.

Follow the column for the road's highway system down to the row for the road's functional class to find the proper road type for that particular road.

The PennDOT color coding is cross-referenced in the first column of the table for your convenience.


Highway Systems
Interstate Interstate Business, Loop, Spur US Hwy (incl. some special routes) US Hwy BUS, SPUR, LOOP State Route Shielded State Route Unshielded Locally Maintained
Examples I-80 I-94 Business US-190 US-460 Business SR-23 SR-309 SR-2006 Roberts St
F
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c
t
i
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n
a
l

C
l
a
s
s
Interstate
PA Blue.jpg
 Fw  n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Other Freeway[a]PA Darkred.jpg n/a  Fw   Fw   Fw   Fw   Fw   Fw 
Other Expressway[a]PA Darkred.jpg n/a  Major   Major   Major   Major   Major   Major 
Other Principal ArterialPA Red.jpg n/a  Major   Major   Major   Major   Major   Major 
Minor ArterialPA Green.jpg n/a  Major   Major   Minor   Minor   PS   PS 
Urban or Rural-Major CollectorPA Purple.jpg n/a  Major   Major   Minor   Minor   PS   PS 
Rural Minor Collector

PA Yellow.jpg

n/a  Major   Major   Minor   Minor   PS [b]
 Street 
 Street 
Local Roads or
Not Classified
PA Orange.jpg
n/a  Major   Major   Minor   Minor   PS [b]
 Street 
 Street 

^a Since Pennsylvania combines these two classes, use the criteria from the USA Freeway page to determine if the road should typed as a freeway or major highway.

^b Some 4-digit State Routes are numbered for legacy or maintenance reasons, but they do not serve as primary thoroughfares for the area and should be classified as  Street .

State routes with 2 or 3 digit route numbers

PA SR Shield.png

In Pennsylvania all State Routes should have any common name as displayed on street signs as the primary name in WME, and the route number in the alternate name field. The city name should be the same for both the common name and route number. SR-111 is the current acceptable format. The use of State Hwy or PA-xxx and other variations should not be used unless it is on the road signs that drivers would see.

State Route naming should follow the following format:

  • SR-28 S (divided one-way segments).
  • SR-309 (undivided two-way segments).

Note: Some state routes have mixed signage, with route numbers at major intersections and road names at minor intersections. Until Waze gets state shields working completely, the best practice is to name the segments according the the signage that the motorist will see as he approaches the state route, with priority given to the major intersections.

State routes with 4 digit route numbers

State Routes with 4 digits (e.g. SR-3001) should not have the route number in the alternate field. SR-xxxx should be removed from the alt field, if you find it.

County or township roads

County (Co) and Township (T) roads need no special designation or road type. Road number info is not needed in the alternate name field.

Ramps

When naming a Ramp to a State Route, use the SR-111 format. PA-111 format should not be used unless it matches exactly what is on the big green sign directing you to the ramp. It is best to reference Google Street View in WME, where available.

Adhere to national standards for Exit ramps and Entrance ramps (on-ramps). Ramp names should use these formats:

Off-ramps:

  • Numbered exit: (Exit 16: SR-15 / Scranton)
  • Numbered exit with multiple Cities or Routes: (Exit 16: SR-15 N / SR-86 E / Wilkes / Scranton)
  • Numbered exit with multiple exits: (Exit 16A-B: SR-15 N / SR-86 E / Scranton)
  • Non-numbered exit: (to SR-15 / Scranton)

Naming

When naming roads or Ramps, use Penna. as the abbreviation for Pennsylvania. Penn causes text-to-speech conflicts with the numerous items named after William Penn. PA should not be used except as shown below.


Penna. Tpk is the proper abbreviation for naming ramps, and for alternate names for the Turnpike.

Shortened state route names

The format SR-xxx (State Route) should be used when naming ramps (e.g., to SR-28 S / Pittsburgh). See also: Ramps. To maintain uniformity across the state, the PA-xxx format should not be used unless it is on the road signs that drivers would see.

Locking Standard

In Pennsylvania we have a set minimum standard for locking roads based on segment type. Any road of a certain segment type must be locked at least to the rank (level) in the chart below. Roads may be locked higher for protection and special situations (areas with construction, tricky design, frequent mistakes, imaging inaccuracies, and the like), but should not be locked lower.

A great time to implement these locks is while bringing the road types of an area into compliance with the current US road type standards (FC and highway systems). Lock the roads based on type after they've been set to current US road type standards.

Pennsylvania Minimum Locking Rank Standard
Segment Type Statewide
 Freeway  5
 Ramp  Highest rank of connected segment
 Major Highway  4
 Minor Highway  3
 Primary Street  2
 Street  1
 |-|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|-| Railroad |-|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|  2
 • • • • Ferry • • • •   5
 Parking Lot Road  2[1]

^1 This rule should primarily apply to LARGE parking lots such as shopping malls/centers/plazas, tourist attractions/sports/music venues, large office buildings and schools/colleges.


Special roads

Drivable roads

Pennsylvania follows the standard USA guidelines for all of the following special road types.

Non-drivable roads

Review the Wiki guidelines for non-drivable roads to ensure compliance with the general guidelines.


Alleys

An alley should be mapped if:

  • An alley should be mapped if it is named.
  • An alley should be mapped if it is the address of a home or business.
  • An alley is normally mapped if it is acknowledged by the municipality.

If an alley does not meet the above criteria, mapping is optional. Check the "No name" box in WME.

  • If mapped, an alley should always be set to type "Private Road".


Non-drivable roads

Because of the way the routing engine works, Waze will route users to drive onto "non-drivable" road types. Generally, if a path can't be driven on (e.g. Walking Trail, Pedestrian Boardwalk, Stairway, Runway/Taxiway) then it is not normally mapped. If it is mapped, it should not be connected to any roads. "Emergency and Authorized Vehicles Only" and PennDOT Service Roads are to be treated as non-drivable roads as well. You primarily see these between interstate roads and on the Turnpike. If mapped, they should not be connected to any drivable road, the road type should be set as Private Road and locked at the highest rank of the editor.

Railroads may be mapped since some people use Waze while on the train, contributing false traffic data to the system. This false data has been known to affect drivers on adjacent roads.

  • AS OF OCTOBER 2014: Railroads can be junctioned with a driveable road segment as per the Road Types / USA Wiki entry. This will allow for Waze to collect more accurate historical data and better determine if there are delays at the railroad crossing at various times of the day. There is no need for mass editing of railroads, but these changes can be made as encountered on the map. The elevation should be set to 'Ground'. If a railroad is junctioned with a driveable road segment, all turns should be restricted for the junction to and from the railroad segments. If an automated Map Problem (MP) is seen at a railroad junction with the turns restricted, mark it as "Not identified."

Time restricted turns

The Waze Map Editor and routing engine supports scheduled restrictions (time of day, day of week, turns, traffic flow direction, vehicle type, etc.).

Please see the Scheduled Restrictions page for full documentation on this feature.


Closures

When managing a section of roadway under construction or being closed for a major event, follow the Wiki guidelines on construction zones and Real time closures.

For information about Closures from Penndot, please click on your Penndot engineering district and then on roadwork PennDOT Engineering districts

The 511PA website is also a good source of information about current closures.

Pennsylvania should follow the US Standard for Road Closures or Major/Long Term Construction projects. Please see the US Construction Zones & Road Closure Wiki for information regarding closing & flagging roads in the editor that are under construction or closed.


Places

Pennsylvania follows the USA standard for Places. Do not deviate from the guidelines without first obtaining consensus to do so via the state forum linked on this page.

Pennsylvania generally follows the US standard for Places for guidance in regards to mapping Points of Interest & Businesses. There are many categories of Places to add to the map, Please see the the places post regarding information pertaining to important places that should be added to the map. These include Hospitals, Police Stations, Fire Departments, Colleges and Universities, Municipal Courthouses, County Courthouses, Airports, Military Bases, Theme Parks, Zoos, and Aquariums, Ski resorts, and Golf Courses.

Pennsylvania standards for places differ in some ways from the US standard.

locking
Places considered fundamental to the functioning of the Waze app, such as Gas Stations, should be locked to Rank 4.
Complex, intricate, or crucial Places such as Hospitals, Police Stations, Fire Departments, Airports, Parks, etc. should be locked at least to Rank 4.
area vs point
The standards for area vs point are somewhat different from the US standard.

For more information on this please see Pennsylvania/Places.


Cameras

Not every camera-looking device at an intersection is a speed or red light camera. Generally speaking:

  • Camera2true.png
    Rlc truvelo speed cam.jpeg
    a speed camera takes a photograph of a vehicle when it passes by the camera at too high a speed.
  • Camera4true.png
    Rlc white.jpeg
    a red light camera takes a photograph of a vehicle that enters an intersection after the light is red. In some areas, it takes the photograph when a vehicle is not clear of the intersection some period after the light turns red.

Be sure to know your cameras before accepting new camera reports.

Currently only the Waze client app can add cameras to the map. When adding a camera from the app, be sure to review the camera placement recommendations.

Laws regarding speed and red light cameras vary between the states and territories, so be sure to understand the details of camera legality in Pennsylvania.

Limited Red Light Cameras are legal in Pennsylvania.

Red light cameras

Red light cameras are legal in a few cites and suburban towns in Pennsylvania. The following cities & municipalities are the only places where the use of Red Light Cameras are permitted at this time. Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, and municipalities with a population >20,000 and police departments accredited by the Pennsylvania Chiefs of Police Association in Bucks, Chester, Delaware, and Montgomery Counties & have a local ordinance permitting the use of Red Light Enforcement Cameras. See Red Light Camera Laws in Pennsylvania

As of October 2014, red light cameras are in service at the following intersections:

Speed cameras

Not legal in Pennsylvania and should not be approved in WME anywhere in PA.

Other camera types

These are cameras or signs that either provide driver feedback or are used for traffic control. These devices CANNOT issue tickets and should not be approved in WME. See How to Identify Cameras.


To do list

To do list.png

Many states and territories keep an active list of pending or closed actions that need to be done in the state by the editors. All editors are welcome to contribute to the list of activities.

Want to help out with the map in Pennsylvania? Check out the Pennsylvania Forum

NOTE: You should always finish any work you start... Please do not leave it incomplete.


Area Managers

The table below identifies the editors also designated as Area Managers or higher who are editing in Pennsylvania. If you have any questions, please consider contacting them directly as needed. If you are an Area Manager that covers Pennsylvania, or a USA Country Manager that does a lot of work in Pennsylvania, please add yourself to this list (alphabetical by username) in the correct rank section.

The editor who also serves as the Regional Coordinator for Pennsylvania is automatically listed at the top of the table. That editor may not be highly active in this state and therefore may not be listed separately in the table.

Pennsylvania — Area, State and Country Managers
Regional Coordinator(s): orbitc (PM)
Username Area Managed Comments
Country Managers (Northeast region)
(Add to or edit Country and State sections of table)
jondrush(6) [PM] USA Badge CountryManager.png
Resident of state
attheyard(5) [PM] Chester County Badge CountryManager.png
mainly in Maryland
MGODLEW(6) [PM] All of Pennsylvania Badge CountryManager.pngBadge Mentor.pngBadge LocalChamp.png
mpawlicki(5) [PM] Badge CountryManager.png
svance92(5) [PM] Badge CountryManager.png
State Managers (Northeast region)
no1uknow(5) [PM] All of Pennsylvania Badge StateManager.pngBadge Mentor.png
voludu2(4) [PM] All of Pennsylvania Badge StateManager.png
DrNeubie(4) [PM] All of Pennsylvania Badge StateManager.png
Area Managers
(Add to or edit this section)
kmart27(4) [PM]
nivekeel(4) [PM] Stroudsburg & Chestnuthill area Badge AreaManager.png
Odessit68(4) [PM] Central Bucks NE Philly
cecil-5(3) [PM] West Chester Area
chief5232(3) [PM] Indiana
CptCranky(3) [PM]
Cpttim(3) [PM] Mahantongo,Shamokin
hickpop(3) [PM]
JButz2(3) [PM] Cambria, Indiana, and Blair Counties Badge AreaManager.png
Northern, NJ
LeoKantus(3) [PM]
MarkinMd(3) [PM]
mreich00(3) [PM]
nepahxc(3) [PM] Wayne & Lackawanna
NevynPA(3) [PM]
PhillyRace(3) [PM]
regsv(3) [PM]
steelsandals(3) [PM]
steinbdj(3) [PM] Philadelphia area; primarily Philadelphia, Delaware, Montgomery, and Bucks counties
tckma(3) [PM] Hanover/Littlestown area;York and Adams counties
yrrabsille(3) [PM]


The following editors are also editing in the state and working towards an Area Manager position.

Other Area Editors (Add to or edit this section)
Username General Editing Area Comments
whoaitspete(3) [PM] Centre Region


Other states and territories

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