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Difference between revisions of "Restrições por Dia e Horário"

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Latest revision as of 04:28, 23 April 2015

É possível ativar restrição parcial do tráfego por determinados segmentos ou conversões, especificando dia e horário. É possível ainda especificar até o tipo de veículo (por exemplo - restrição apenas para caminhões), mas esta função ainda não está ativa no cliente. No momento qualquer restrição de tipo de veículo impede todo o tráfego por aquele segmento/conversão.

Os casos típicos são:

  • pistas dedicadas para ônibus
  • conversões restritas em determinados horários (como horários de pico)
  • mudanças de direção do fluxo em horários específicos em grandes avenidas ou túneis
  • fechamentos sazonais de estradas, pontes móveis ou balsa
  • obras de médio prazo (fechamentos de longo prazo devem ter as vias desconectadas)

Controlando o tráfego

Existem cinco métodos para o controle do fluxo de veículos:

  1. Mega eventos
  2. Interdições nas vias
  3. Alertas de bloqueio através do aplicativo
  4. Restrições parciais
  5. Desconexão de segmentos
  • Mega eventos - Um evento de grandes proporções aonde serão criadas interdições de vias e desvios. Em geral, é um evento programado com grande exposição e cujos efeitos afetam toda a comunidade. Um desastre natural de grandes proporções pode ser adicionado após sua ocorrência se as vias possuem suas rotas afetadas por vários dias.
  • Closure arrow in WME.png
    Interdições nas vias - As interdições temporárias podem ser adicionadas via WME ou através do cliente quando você dirigir pelo local. Leia o ítem de como reportar um bloqueio utilizando o aplicativo. Interdições podem ser adicionadas diretamente aos segmentos por editores de nível mais alto sem haver mudanças significativas no segmento ou em suas restrições. São mostrados no cliente e Livemap com a aparência de doces com faixas alertando os usuários sobre as interdições.
    Este é o método preferido para a interdição de vias por sua confiabilidade e fácil visualização pelos Wazers.
    Se você não tiver acesso a ferramenta de interdição temporária no WME poderá preencher um formulário específico ou submeter um pedido pedido de desbloqueio/atualização. Nos Estados Unidos o Formulário para Interdições de Vias (EUA) é usado como referência.
  • Closure report button in client.png
    Alertas de bloqueio através do aplicativo - Usuários do aplicativo podem alertar um bloqueio inesperado de determinada via enquanto dirigem. É utilizado, geralmente, para interdições até poucos dias de duração. Necessita de alguns usuários no local do bloqueio adicionando o mesmo alerta para ser então visualizado por outros usuários.
  • Restriction arrow yellow mouseover.gif
    Restrições parciais - Programação AKA or Restrições por dia e horário. Utilizado quando conversões ou vias possuem algum tipo de restrição em determinados horários, dias da semana, tipos de veículos, etc. Este recurso permite a restrição em um período de tempo definido e por isso pode ser usado em substituição ao mega eventos ou interdições de vias se houver necessidade (como último recurso).
  • Desconexão de segmentos - Os segmentos que compõem uma via somente devem ser desconectados fisicamente se não houver qualquer intenção de reconexão ou tiver sido removida de forma permanente. No passado, este método era usado para construções de longa duração, mas atualmente a interdição de vias é o método de escolha.

Resumo

Este artigo cobre como criar restrições de dia, horário e tipo de veículo em segmentos e conversões. Coletivamente, podem ser chamadas de restrições parciais.

Restrições parciais podem se basear em:

  1. Um segmento inteiro controlando o tráfego em uma ou ambas as direções
  2. Conversões específicas de um segmento a outro

Pode ser uma usada como restrição uma combinacão de:

  1. Tipo de veículo (caminhões, ônibus, materiais perigosos, etc.)
  2. Horário do dia, dia da semana, data.

Exemplos:

  • Interstate truck-only ramp
  • No trucks allowed between 9a-3p weekends
  • No left turn 7a-9a and 4p-6p weekdays
  • HOV lanes eastbound 5a-11a, westbound 3p-10p
  • Flexible capacity lanes which are a single roadway, but run a different direction for morning and evening commutes (frequently found on congested freeways and some primary streets, sometimes with limited exit or turn options to create express traffic routes)
  • Vehicle towing a trailer

While this is a very flexible system, it requires what might initially look like a very complex interface to manage the many combinations possible. It is certainly very important that any changes made to any current scheduled restrictions on the map be done with extreme caution so as not to destroy hours of work by prior map editors. Therefore be sure to only make changes to scheduled restrictions with careful consideration and patience.

Segmentos

Segment info restrictions button highlight.jpg

When no traffic or certain vehicles are not permitted on a segment (or road), you can set restrictions on the segment directly preventing any traffic flow across the segment. This is easier than trying to restrict all the turns that come from other segments to this one segment. Some restrictions may only affect a certain direction, or sometimes a road allows traffic flow one way and then later in the day it switched to the opposite direction.

Segment restrictions are added or edited through the ‘Add/Edit restrictions’ button in the left pane (or the ‘T’ keyboard shortcut).

That brings up the "Time based restrictions" panel. Segments supporting two-way traffic will display two tabs: "A to B" and "B to A" referring to the letters A and B on either end of the selected segment indicating the direction of orientation related to the direction of traffic flow.

The text below the tab will describe which direction of travel is associated with that tab to help determine which traffic direction is represented by each tab.

Segment restriction list add button highlight sm.gif
Click the "+ Add restriction" button to create a new restriction.

See the section Setting restrictions for information on how to set the restriction. Segment and turn restrictions are set using the same instructions covered below. You can create multiple restrictions for the segment to allow for restrictions that might only occur at different times of the day, or maybe the restriction is at different times on the weekdays than on the weekends.

Restrictions copy to other side.jpg
Once you create the restrictions for one direction you can simply copy all the restrictions to the other direction with the link labeled "Copy all to the other side." Otherwise only one direction of travel will be restricted and the other direction will be fully open.

After a restriction is created you can edit Pencil icon.jpg or remove X icon.jpg a restriction with the appropriate action buttons.

Seleção de múltiplos segmentos

Multiple segments can be selected at once for batch editing of restrictions. Selecting multiple segments is done by clicking the segments while holding the Ctrl button (or Cmd on Mac computers).

Restrictions multiple segments.gif

A few things to note when editing multiple segments:

  • Note the directionality of the segments - two neighboring segments can be with different A->B directionality. In one of them the A->B direction can be eastbound and in the other it can be westbound at the same time.
  • When multiple segments are selected with different restrictions set on them, they will appear in a different section of the panel under the title: 'These restrictions only apply to some of the segments selected:' Click the ‘Apply to all’ link to the right of the restriction line to propagate the restriction to all the selected segments.

Conversões

When only certain turns are restricted from one segment to another, this method of restriction should be selected and not the whole segment.

Conversão proibida para todos em qualquer horário

Turns that are restricted to all traffic (all vehicle types) are set with turn arrows—the arrows that appear at the end of a selected segment. A restricted turn is indicated by a red arrow with a do not sign next to it. A turn that is open (not restricted) to all traffic is indicated by a green arrow.

Lotsa turns.jpg

To change from a green arrow (open) to a red arrow (fully restricted) simply click on the arrow and it will toggle between the options.

((Link to articles on the various turn arrow tips and tricks))

((probably include something on U turns too))

Restrições de conversão agendadas

When not all times, days, dates, or vehicles are restricted from turning, you can set a scheduled turn restriction from one segment to another. Turns that are restricted to all traffic during certain times of the day are "time based turn restrictions".

((Insert photo of "no left turn 7a-9a 4p-6p" sign or similar))

Accessing the editing panel is also accessed through the turn arrows. Select the desired turn arrow and click it until it becomes green. With the mouse hovering over the green arrow you will see a clock icon next to the arrow. Click on the clock to bring up the Time based restriction panel for that turn.

Restriction arrow green.gif

You should then see the Time based restrictions panel.

Turn-restriction-list-add-button-highlight.gif

Press the "+ Add restriction" button to create a new restriction.

See the section Setting restrictions for information on how to set the restriction. Segment and turn restrictions are set using the same instructions covered below. You can create multiple restrictions for the segment to allow for restrictions that might only occur at different times of the day, or maybe the restriction is at different times on the weekdays than on the weekends.

Once you enter the restriction(s) and press the Apply button, you will see a Yellow arrow instead of the green arrow indicating that turn has time based restrictions enabled.

Restriction arrow yellow mouseover.gif

To access the edit panel for that turn, simply click the white clock that appears next to the yellow arrow. If you only click on the yellow arrow, you will turn it red indicating all times, days, and vehicles are restricted. Note that your prior settings are saved and if you click the red arrow again it will return to yellow with the last saved settings.

Configurando restrições

Both segment and turn restrictions are created and edited using the same user interface, but each one is accessed through a different method discussed above.

Restrictions empty panel.gif

Configure the restriction as required using the guidelines described for each setting.

After configuring the restriction as required, press the Add button on that panel to save the restriction and return to the Time based restrictions panel. Continue adding restrictions in the same way to cover combinations that may only restrict a few house per day, but at different times of day.


Dias da semana

Select the days of the week that the restriction will be active. Use the Select all or Select none link to to more quickly change all the check boxes. The default is all days of the week. Your display order for the days will depend upon your country settings in your browser and may not exactly match the image above.

Horário específico

For restrictions that apply all day long, use the default setting of All day. If the restriction is for only certain periods of time during the day, then select the From radio button to allow the time to be changed. You can click the hours or minutes fields to enter times directly, or click the clock icon next to the time to enable input panels. The schedule uses a 24-hour notation.

Wazeopedia.png

In a 24-hour format, time is represented with unique hours of the day that do not require the AM and PM indicators. To convert from 24-hour time to 12-hour time (or vice versa), use the following table:

24-hour time 12-hour time
00:00 (midnight) 12:00 AM
01:00 1:00 AM
02:00 2:00 AM
... ... AM
10:00 10:00 AM
11:00 11:00 AM
12:00 (midday) 12:00 PM
13:00 1:00 PM
14:00 2:00 PM
... ... PM
22:00 10:00 PM
23:00 11:00 PM

The minutes remain the same between the two formats.

For example, a schedule of 10:00 AM to 3:00 PM is entered as 10:00 to 15:00; a schedule of midnight to noon (12:00 AM to 12:00 PM) is entered as 0:00 to 12:00.

The time that should be entered is the local time of the road as on the local signs. The Waze server knows the local time zone and will schedule the restriction correctly.

Daylight savings time is automatically accounted for as long as the Waze client app is properly set to the correct local time.

Configurando até meia-noite

If a scheduled restriction is between 8:00 PM and Midnight, then enter "20:00 - 23:59". Technically you can also enter "20:00 - 00:00" to get the same result.

Configurando através da meia-noite

If a restriction occurs only during nighttime hours and opens in the morning, e.g., restricted between 10 PM and 5 AM, then enter the From time as 22:00 and the To time as 05:00. You will notice an information box that says the restriction will end of the following day. If this restriction is only on a certain day of the week, e.g., Saturday night and Sunday night, then select the day of the week for Sat and Sun matching the start of the restriction. There is no need to include Monday because it is automatically covered. Including the Monday check box would add a third day starting at 10 PM Monday.

Período de dias

Restrictions dates selector.gif

The default setting is Every week meaning there is no limit to the date range so as soon as you add the restriction it will be active every week until it is removed. Optionally you can select the radio button for Range of dates to limit the restriction to a certain number of days. Press the button displaying the date to display two calendars. The one one the left shows the start date and the calendar on the right shows the end date of the restriction. Note these date are inclusive meaning the restriction will include both dates (and all the ones in between) when determining the restriction. When you have selected the date range press the green Apply button. The date range is displayed in DD/MM/YYYY format. To remove the date range, simply select the Every week radio button again.

Again the end date will consider the entire day based on any time settings also configured. If the time crosses midnight, the next day will automatically be included for that time period and then the restriction will no longer be active after that ending time.

Tipo de veículo

Note: While the map editor and the database support vehicle type restrictions alongside time restrictions, this not true of the routing engine and mobile app. The Waze routing engine currently supports only time-based restrictions. The vehicle type restrictions are available anticipating the release of this functionality to the routing engine and the app.

However, setting up vehicle type restrictions is an important activity, as the feature cannot be turned on in the app until the map has records of most vehicle type restrictions. It will be useless, and give a false sense of confidence to drivers, to enable vehicle-type based routing if the map can't adequately support the feature due to lack of data.

There are some situations that only restrict certain vehicle types from passing through the turn or segment. Examples of this include no truck zones.

((Insert some photos of real-world signs))

Also, some turns may be taken by no traffic except certain vehicles. Examples of this include HOV lanes, bus stops, and truck-only exit ramps. For example, for an HOV-2 restricted road, you might check all vehicle types except public transportation, HOV-2, HOV-3, and motorcycles.

((Insert some more photos))

The default condition is All vehicle types are included in the restriction, but if only certain vehicles are going to be restricted, press the (Edit) link next to Restriction for all vehicle types to bring up the vehicle type selector.

Restrictions vehicle types.jpg

Add a check mark only the vehicles that are not permitted during the restriction period and leave the other types unchecked. Use the Select all or Select none link to change all the check boxes.

REMEMBER: These are restrictions. The selected vehicle types will be restricted. The unselected vehicle types will be admitted.

NOTE: The Waze client app does not differentiate between different vehicle types, so these settings do not have any affect on routing.

Descrição

Leave a description for the nature of the restriction. If the restriction is the result of signs or markings, make note of this. If the restriction is the result of construction or road work, leave details about the closure.

NOTE: There is a 100-character limit in the Description field. Entering more than that will result in a "General Error" upon trying to save.

Exemplos

The following examples cover specific situations to provide more guidance. Some of the examples below will be turn based restrictions, but the method is the same for the segment restrictions.

Resultados para períodos de tempo

The following table includes example date range combinations and the resulting restrictions that it would generate:

Days of the week Time Range Date Range Restriction Result
Sunday All day 12.1.2014 - 12.31.2014 Every Sunday on December 2014, from 00:00 until 23:59:59.
Monday - Friday 09:00-11:00 Every Week Every weekday from 9am to 11am.
Thursday 23:00-03:00 Every Week Every Thursday from 23:00 until every Friday at 03:00
All All day 7.3.2015 - 7.15.2015 From July 3rd 2015 at 00:00 until July 15th at 23:59:59

Restrições baseadas em horários

For a turn or segment that is restricted (not allowed) between 10 am and 2 pm daily, click the radio button next to "From", then enter "10:00" and "14:00" as the start and end times of the restriction.

Restrictions 10-14.jpg

Click "Add" to add the restriction. You will be returned to the Time based restrictions panel. The panel should now reflect the added restrictions.

Restrictions list 10-14.jpg

For a turn that is restricted between 7 and 9 am, and again between 4 and 6 pm, add the restrictions one-by-one as instructed above. When added, the panel should look like this.

((Insert image of panel with 7-9 and 16-18 restrictions added - n peters to bienville example))

Restrições de conversão temporais de madrugada

Time-of-day restriction periods may cross midnight. For a turn that is restricted between 8 pm and 6 am, enter the From time as 20:00 and the To time as 6:00.

((Insert image of panel with 20-23:59 and 0-6 restrictions added - bourbon street example))

Restrições de conversão baseadas em datas

Some restrictions may also only be in place on certain days of the week. For a turn that is restricted "weekends", check only the boxes for "Sat" and "Sun".

Restriction SatSun only.jpg

Restrições de conversão baseadas em Data e Horário

For a turn that is restricted "2 pm to 4 pm, weekdays", when adding the restriction, uncheck the boxes next to "Sat" and "Sun", and enter "14:00" and "16:00" in the time boxes.

Restriction m-f 14-16.jpg

Restrições de conversão para feriados e datas específicas

Some restrictions may only be in place during certain times of year. If on a specific date and time, set the appropriate combination.

At this time, there is no way to schedule a yearly repeating holiday restriction. You must enter each year manually. Adding more than one year at a time may be helpful. For example, adding a minimum of two years at a time would mean that you don't need to "remember" to go back to edit in the next restriction right away, or 5 sets of restrictions (to cover 5 years) would make it unnecessary for quite a long time. Unfortunately, there is no simple way to even manually update an existing date range from one year to the next; you must effectively recreate the exact start and end dates for each year.

Ruas reversíveis

Reversible roads are roads whose travel direction depends on the time of day, to allow more lanes of travel into or out of a city in order to handle the additional vehicle load during rush hours.

On the Waze map, a reversible road is set up as a 2-way road, and then the allowed travel directions are set up as restrictions. This is a bit tricky because Waze uses the idea of restrictions, which is the opposite of allowed. For example, say a road allows travel northbound only between the hours of 6AM to 11AM. Those are the allowed hours of travel that direction. In the Waze restrictions setup, we would have to ensure that travel in that direction is restricted from 11:01AM to 5:59AM.

Ruas reversíveis com restrição por tipo de veículo

Some reversible roads may also be restricted to certain vehicle types. A common example of this is the reversible HOV lane.

Some cities have reversible roads set up that are also HOV lanes. Two examples are in Seattle and are the I-90 and I-5 Express Lanes. These lanes reverse travel direction depending on the time of day, but these lanes are also HOV lanes, so you aren't allowed on them unless your vehicle meets the requirements.

Below are the current setup for the I-5 Express Lanes in Seattle, WA, based on published schedules by the Washington Department of Transportation.

I-5 express seattle a-b restrictions list.jpg

I-5 express seattle b-a restrictions list.jpg

While the WSDOT webpage is very simple what the schedule is, only having two entries, to translate that into restrictions is much more complicated.