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Difference between revisions of "Vietnam"

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==Editing Best Practice==
==Editing Best Practice==
Please do not edit the map until you have read the [[Map_Editing_Quick-start_Guide|Waze Map Editor manual]] and reviewed [[Best_map_editing_practice|the best map editing practices]]. Vietnam map editors are encouraged to follow those guidelines.
Please do not edit the map until you have read carefully the [[Map_Editing_Quick-start_Guide|Waze Map Editor manual]] and reviewed [[Best_map_editing_practice|the best map editing practices]]. Vietnam map editors are encouraged to follow those guidelines.

Revision as of 13:07, 19 October 2015

Welcome to Waze Vietnam

About Waze

Waze is a free navigation app for your GPS equipped smartphone. It has the following features:

  • Spoken turn-by-turn directions
  • Spoken street names (Text-to-Speech) [a]
  • Real time traffic reports
  • Real time Gas Prices [b]
  • Toll road avoidance [b]
  • Free regular updates to the map that you can help make are installed automatically
  • Search for destinations how you like: entire address at once, category, place name, landmark or use the addresses from your contacts
  • Integrated destination search: Google, Foursquare, Bing
  • Support for apps to insert destinations into Waze, such as Localscope
  • Support for multiple languages
  • Gaming elements for fun and integrated social networking

^a BETA: in selected countries
^b Toll Roads and Gas Prices dependent on user contribution

Read more about the amazing way Waze gets better when you just drive around with Waze turned on

Guide to Waze map editing in Vietnam

(Under Development)

Hopefully you're reading this and want to edit the map, and I thank you for your interest in helping improve Waze in Vietnam. We should all aim to have the Best Mapping Solution. However, Map Editing is a time consuming activity, tedious process, and also if done incorrectly will cause routing error that will affect apps performance in the navigation process. This kind of error will frustrate waze user and will create a lot of unnecessary Update_request. Kindly spend the necessary time understanding what it takes to edit correctly & accurately.

Editing Best Practice

Please do not edit the map until you have read carefully the Waze Map Editor manual and reviewed the best map editing practices. Vietnam map editors are encouraged to follow those guidelines.


Vietnam is located on the eastern Indochina Peninsula between the latitudes 8° and 24°N, and the longitudes 102° and 110°E. It covers a total area of approximately 331,210 km2 (127,881 sq mi). The combined length of the country's land boundaries is 4,639 km (2,883 mi), and its coastline is 3,444 km (2,140 mi) long. At its narrowest point in the central Quảng Bình Province, the country is as little as 50 kilometres (31 mi) across, though it widens to around 600 kilometres (370 mi) in the north. Vietnam's land is mostly hilly and densely forested, with level land covering no more than 20%. Mountains account for 40% of the country's land area, and tropical forests cover around 42%.

The northern part of the country consists mostly of highlands and the Red River Delta. Phan Xi Păng, located in Lào Cai Province, is the highest mountain in Vietnam, standing 3,143 m (10,312 ft) high. Southern Vietnam is divided into coastal lowlands, the mountains of the Annamite Range, and extensive forests. Comprising five relatively flat plateaus of basalt soil, the highlands account for 16% of the country's arable land and 22% of its total forested land. The soil in much of southern Vietnam is relatively poor in nutrients.

The Red River Delta, a flat, roughly triangular region covering 15,000 km2 (5,792 sq mi), is smaller but more intensely developed and more densely populated than the Mekong River Delta. Once an inlet of the Gulf of Tonkin, it has been filled in over the millennia by riverine alluvial deposits. The delta, covering about 40,000 km2 (15,444 sq mi), is a low-level plain no more than 3 meters (9.8 ft) above sea level at any point. It is criss-crossed by a maze of rivers and canals, which carry so much sediment that the delta advances 60 to 80 meters (196.9 to 262.5 ft) into the sea every year.

The country border for road naming

(Under Development) Vietnam is divided into 58 provinces (Vietnamese: tỉnh, from the Chinese 省, shěng). There are also five municipalities (Vietnamese: Thành phố trực thuộc Trung ương; Chữ nôm:城舖直屬中央; literally cities centrally directed), which are administratively on the same level as provinces.

Naming of the road in vietnam will use province name as a city name except for municipalities (Hanoi and Hai Phong at Red River Delta, Da Nang at South Central Coast, Ho Chi Minh City or Saigon at Southeast, and Cần Thơ at Mekong Delta ).

Municipality will use town, urban districts (Quận), or rural districts (Huyện) as city name

We will provide map editors with boundary of this individual cities for reference in road naming.

Guide line for Road Naming

(Under Development)

Please use this following Guide line for Road Naming.

Due to Waze consider new for Vietnamese, so as a map editor and waze user, you will find out that many of the segments are not mapping out yet. If you are creating new street, Please use this guideline strictly for Road Naming consistency. Due to some of the segments already map out before this wiki is created, segment name inconsistency still there:

Guide line for Road Naming:

  • If you do not know the city name, leave it blank. Thick the none box at the city name.
  • If you do not know the name of the street, leave it blank. Thick the none box at the street name
  • National Road (Major Highway, MH, QL) will have QL[space]# as the street name with city name none.
  • Provincial Road (Major Highway, mH, TL) will have TL[space]# as the street name with city name none.
  • Freeway will be named based on the expressway name. Example: Hanoi - Hanoi International Airport as street name with city name none.
  • Primary Street, Street, and other type of road will name based on the name of the street. City name will have to look up against boundary that provided at the wiki here

Due to some of the segments already map out before this wiki is created, segment name inconsistency still there. Kindly fix it if you are able to fix it based on the rule above.

Type of Road in Vietnam

(Under Development)

Vietnam's road system includes: national roads (quốc lộ) administered by the central government (marked by red and white milestones); provincial roads (tỉnh lộ or đường tỉnh) managed by provinces (blue and white); district roads (huyện lộ or đường huyện) managed by districts (green and white); urban roads managed by cities and towns; and commune roads managed by communes. The total length of the Viet Nam road system is about 222,179 km with 19.0% paved, mainly national roads and provincial roads (source: Vietnam Road Administration, 2004).

Vietnam traffic consist of mix traffic between majority bike rider (motorcycles or manual bycycles), cong nong driver, and also car driver. Due to this reason, we apply tweaks to the road type

  • Road when car can travel from both direction without difficulty will be set as Primary Street or Street.
  • Road when car can travel from both direction but due to the size of the road, it is difficult for both direction flow at the same time, will be set as Parking Lot Road.
  • Road when car can not travel and only cong nong and bike able to travel, will be set as Dirt Road. Also in the naming of this type road, we will put the syntax as follow: road_name_(bike_road), example: Sune (bike_road).

Highways and Freeways

(Under Development)


The national road system length is 17,295 km with 27.6% of its length paved. The provincial road system is 27,762 km of length with 23.6% paved

We will apply Major Highway road type for national roads and Minor Highway road type for provincial roads.

National Roads (Major Highway / MH)

  • National Route 1A: Huu Nghi Quan Border Gate (Lạng Sơn) – Cà Mau Province
  • National Route 1B: Thái Nguyên – Lạng Sơn Province
  • National Route 2: Ha Noi – Hà Giang (border checkpoint Thanh Thuy)
  • National Route 2B: Vĩnh Phúc
  • National Route 2C: Vĩnh Phúc – Tuyên Quang Province
  • National Route 3: Ha Noi – Cao Bằng (border checkpoint Ta Lung)
  • National Route 4: 4A (Lạng Sơn – Cao Bằng), 4B (Quảng Ninh – Lạng Sơn), 4C (Hà Giang), 4D (Lào Cai – Lai Châu), 4E (Lào Cai), 4G (Sơn La)
  • National Route 5: Ha Noi – Hai Phong
  • National Route 6: Ha Noi – Điện Biên
  • National Route 7: Nghệ An
  • National Route 8: Hà Tĩnh
  • National Route 9: Quảng Trị
  • National Route 10: Quảng Ninh – Thanh Hóa
  • National Route 12: Điện Biên – Lai Châu (border checkpoint Ma Lu Thang)
  • National Route 12A: Quảng Bình
  • National Route 12B: Ninh Bình – Hòa Bình
  • National Route 13: Ho Chi Minh City – Bình Phước (border checkpoint Hoa Lư)
  • National Route 14: Quảng Trị – Bình Phước
  • National Route 14B: Da Nang – Quảng Nam
  • National Route 14C: Gia Lai – Đắk Nông Province
  • National Route 15: Hòa Bình – Quảng Trị
  • National Route 16: Quảng Bình
  • National Route 18: Ha Noi – Quảng Ninh (border checkpoint Mong Cai)
  • National Route 19: Bình Định – Gia Lai
  • National Route 20: Ho Chi Minh City – Lâm Đồng
  • National Route 21: Ha Noi – Nam Định
  • National Route 22: Ho Chi Minh City – Tây Ninh (border checkpoint Moc Bai)
  • National Route 22B: Tây Ninh
  • National Route 23: Ha Noi – Vĩnh Phúc
  • National Route 24: Quảng Ngãi – Kon Tum
  • National Route 25: Phú Yên – Gia Lai
  • National Route 26: Khánh Hòa – Đắk Lắk
  • National Route 27: Ninh Thuận – Đắk Lắk
  • National Route 28: Bình Thuận – Đắk Nông Province
  • National Route 28B: Bình Thuận – Lâm Đồng
  • National Route 29: Phú Yên Province – Đắk Lắk Province
  • National Route 30: Tiền Giang – Đồng Tháp
  • National Route 31: Bắc Giang – Lạng Sơn
  • National Route 32: Ha Noi – Lai Châu
  • National Route 37: Thái Bình – Sơn La
  • National Route 38: Bắc Ninh – Hà Nam
  • National Route 38B: Hải Dương – Ninh Bình
  • National Route 39A: Hưng Yên Province – Thái Bình Province
  • National Route 39B: Hưng Yên – Thái Bình Province
  • National Route 40: Kon Tum
  • National Route 45: Ninh Bình – Thanh Hóa
  • National Route 46: Nghệ An
  • National Route 47: Thanh Hóa
  • National Route 49: Thừa Thiên–Huế
  • National Route 50: Ho Chi Minh City – Tiền Giang
  • National Route 51: Đồng Nai – Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu
  • National Route 52: Ho Chi Minh City – Đồng Nai
  • National Route 53: Vĩnh Long – Trà Vinh
  • National Route 54: Đồng Tháp – Trà Vinh
  • National Route 55: Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu – Lâm Đồng
  • National Route 57: Bến Tre Province – Vĩnh Long Province
  • National Route 60: Tiền Giang – Sóc Trăng
  • National Route 61: An Giang – Kiên Giang
  • National Route 63: Kiên Giang – Cà Mau
  • National Route 70: Phú Thọ – Lào Cai
  • National Route 80: Vĩnh Long – Kiên Giang
  • National Route 91: Cần Thơ – An Giang
  • National Route 91B: Cần Thơ
  • National Route 91C: Cần Thơ – Bạc Liêu Province
  • National Route 217: Thanh Hóa
  • National Route 279: Quảng Ninh – Điện Biên (border checkpoint Tay Trang)
  • National Route N1: Bình Phước – Kiên Giang
  • Ho Chi Minh Highway: Cao Bằng – Cà Mau

Road naming for Highways

We will use below syntax for road naming:

  • Major Highway (National roads) will use syntax: QL[space]#, example QL 7 (which denotes National Route 7 (Vietnamese: quốc lộ 7), formerly called National Route 7A (QL 7A))
  • Minor Highway (Provincial roads) will use syntax: TL[space]#, example TL 10 (which denotes provincial roads 10, tỉnh lộ 10)

Freeways / Expressway

Expressway (Freeway road type) is rather a new concept for Vietnamese, traffic is growing rapidly but the major roads are dangerous due to inappropriate design and an inappropriate traffic mix. Expressways would solve these problems along the key corridors, by separating high speed traffic from slower, local traffic.

Viet Nam currently recognizes two classes of expressway. Both have a minimum of two lanes in each direction, but Class A has grade separated interchanges, while Class B has at-grade intersections. There are 4 design-speed categories: 60, 80, 100 and 120 km/h. Generally all cars, buses and trucks are permitted on the expressway but cong nong and motorcycles of less than 70 cc engine capacity are not.

List of expressways: North–South Expressway (Vietnam)

  • Hanoi – Hai Phong. Length: 96 km.
  • Hanoi – Ninh Bình. Length: 84 km.
  • Hanoi – Thái Nguyên. Length: 61 km.
  • Hanoi – Bắc Giang. Length: 63,5 km.
  • Lang -Hoa Lac Highway (Hanoi). Length: 31 km.
  • Hanoi - Hanoi International Airport. Length: 35 km.
  • Hanoi – Lào Cai (border checkpoint Lào Cai). Length: 279 km.
  • Lien Khuong – Prenn (Lâm Đồng). Length: 18 km.
  • Ho Chi Minh City – Long Khánh. Length: 45 km.
  • Ho Chi Minh City – Long Thanh – Dau Giay Expressway
  • Hai Phong – Quảng Ninh